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25 terms

Joint Movements

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what type of movement increases the angle of a joint 180 degrees beyond anatomical position?
hyperextension
what type of movement moves the trunk of the body in a coronal plane laterally?
lateral flexion
movement where the proximal end of an appendage remains stationary while distal end moves in a circular motion:
circumduction
superior movement of a body part:
elevation
inferior movement of a body part:
depression
pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis so the anterior surface moves medially:
medial rotation
pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis so that the anterior surface moves laterally:
lateral rotation
pivoting motion in which a bone turns on its own long axis:
rotation
dorsum of the foot or hand moves so the angle between it and the limb decreases:
dorsiflexion
wrist moves to decrease the angle between the palm and the forearm
palmar flexion
intertarsal joints are moved to face the sole of the foot laterally
eversion
intertarsal joints are moved to turn the sole of the foot medially
inversion
palm of the hand is rotated to face posteriorly or inferiorly:
pronation
what type of movement increases the angle of a joint?
extension
what type of movement decreases the angle of a joint?
flexion
lateral carrying away of a body part from the midline:
abduction
medial movement of a body part toward the midline:
adduction
two opposing surfaces slide back and forth or side to side, angle between bones does not change, limited movement is possible in any direction:
gliding motion
what type of movement involves an increase or decrease in joint angle?
angular motion
palm of hand is rotated anteriorly or superiorly:
supination
ankle joint moves to point the toes inferiorly:
plantar flexion
thumb moves away from the palmar tips of the fingers:
reposition
thumb moves toward the palmar tips of the fingers as it crosses the palm of the hand
opposition
body part moves posteriorly in a horizontal plane:
retraction
body part moves anteriorly in a horizontal plane:
protraction