How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

32 terms

Muscles of the Head and Neck( with models pictures

STUDY
PLAY
Frontalis
Draws back scalp, wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows
Mentalis
Elevates and protrudes lower lip; used in pouting
Orbicularis oculi
Closes eyelids; used in blinking, winking, and squinting
Orbicularis oris
Closes and protrudes lips; used in whistling and forming many letters during speech; the "kissing muscle"
Risorius
Draws angles of the mouth laterally; draws lips into the grinning expression
Sternocleidomastoid
Contraction of one side: laterally flexes neck, rotates head to opposite side; Contraction of both sides together: flexes neck
Temporalis
Elevates and retracts mandible; assists in side to side movement of mandible
Trapezius
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotates the arm
Depressor anguli oris
Draws angles of mouth downward and laterally when opening mouth; used in frowning
Zygomaticus major
Draws angles of the mouth upward and outward; major muscle used in smiling and laughing
Auricularis anterior
Moves the ear
Buccinator
Draws angles of the mouth laterally; compresses cheek; used to create sucking action
Masseter
Elevates mandible when chewing and slightly protracts it
Risorius
Draws angles of the mouth laterally; draws lips into the grinning expression
Occipitalis
Draws back scalp, wrinkles forehead
Semispinalis capitis
Extends the head and rotates it to opposite side
Splenius capitis
Extends and hyperextends the head; Contraction of only one side laterally flexes and rotates the head and neck
Splenius capitis
Extends and hyperextends the head; Contraction of only one side laterally flexes and rotates the head and neck
Temporalis
Elevates and retracts mandible; assists in side to side movement of mandible
Trapezius
Elevates, depresses, retracts, and rotates the scapula; rotates the arm
Frontalis
Draws back scalp, wrinkles forehead, raises eyebrows
Masseter
Elevates mandible when chewing and slightly protracts it
Orbicularis oculi
Closes eyelids; used in blinking, winking, and squinting
Orbicularis oris
Closes and protrudes lips; used in whistling and forming many letters during speech; the "kissing muscle"
Depressor anguli oris
Draws angles of mouth downward and laterally when opening mouth; used in frowning
Zygomaticus major
Draws angles of the mouth upward and outward; major muscle used in smiling and laughing
Platysma
Draws down the lower lip and angles of the mouth; tenses skin of the neck; helps depress mandible
Genioglossus
Protracts and depresses tongue
Styloglossus
Retracts and elevates tongue
Stylohyoid
Retracts and elevates the hyoid
Sternocleidomastoid
Contraction of one side: laterally flexes neck, rotates head to opposite side; Contraction of both sides together: flexes neck
Zygomaticus major
Draws angles of the mouth upward and outward; major muscle used in smiling and laughing