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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit IX: Road to Civil War
Terms in this set (20)
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Missouri admitted as slave state, Maine admitted as a free state, 36'30 line established. States above would be free. Below would be slave. Created by Henry Clay.
Compromise of 1850
California admitted as a free state. Fugitive Slave Law passed. Utah and New Mexico slavery status decided through popular sovereignty. Slave trade abolished in Washington, D.C. Border between Texas and New Mexico resolved.
Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
Law passed by Congress that made it illegal to help a runaway enslaved person. It also allowed enslaved catchers to bring back runaway enslaved persons from the North.
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that shows the evils of slavery
loyalty to one part of the nation
Idea that people should make decisions for their own state.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
Law that allowed the people in the two territories to decide whether or not they would allow slavery (popular sovereignty).
Freeport Doctrine (1858)
A territory could ban slavery by
creating laws that made slavery impossible. A way to get around the Dred-Scott decision.
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Declared enslaved persons property. Denied Black Americans citizenship. Made the Missouri Compromise (1820) unconstitutional.
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry (1859)
An attack on an arsenal in Virginia to steal weapons and arm enslaved persons to revolt against their owners. Failed and the abolitionist leader was executed. Made Southerners more angry and fearful of enslaved rebellions.
Bleeding Kansas (1856)
Violence that ensued in Kansas as pro-slavery and antislavery forces battled over whether the territory would be free or slave.
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln elected to the presidency. Leads to South Carolina leaving the Union.
Annexation of Texas (1845)
Supported by Southerners, but not Northerners since the North did not want another slave stated added to the Union.
South Carolina's first attempt at secession (1832)
Over the tariffs of the 1820s and 1830s. The South thought that tariffs only benefited Northern manufacturers so South Carolina nullfies the tariff of 1832.
People would vote to decide the status of slavery in territories.
Fort Sumter (1861)
April 12, 1861 the Confederacy fired on Union defenses. Beginning of the Civil War.
Crittenden Compromise (1860)
Attempted to prevent the Civil War by saying that slavery would not be abolished and tried to reinstate the 36'30 line from the Missouri Compromise for free and slave states.
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
Plan to outlaw slavery in any new territory gained from Mexico.
Sumner-Brooks Affair (1856)
One congressman beat another congressman with a cane over the issue of slavery.
Free Soil Party (1848)
The platform of this group was banning slavery in any new western territory added to the United States.
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