The centralization of Sweden hit its apex witht this king
Sweden's primary export, it declined in the 18th Century
Insane, yet brilliant, he led Sweden Against Russia and Poland
Sweden's adversary in the Great Northern War
Control of this sea transfered from Sweden to Russia
It went from Eastern power to non-existence in the 18th Century
Polish centralization reached its peak under this Polish king
This title was usually elected from a foreign born family, keeping decentralized power
Polish representative body for the nobility
Sobieski led Poland in defense of Austria at this city
One nobleman's vote could disband the sejm. This practice of exploding the diet is known as this
Known as the "Sick man of Europe" it suffered a slow decline from the 15th to 19th C.
Ottoman Empire's title for a ruler
Rule in the Ottoman Empire was not geographical, it was religious. All people were organized into one of these units based upon the religion they practiced
A non-Muslim citizen of the Ottoman Empire
after the defeat of Charles XII, Sweden became decentralized under the control of this social group
People of this peninsula became Islamic (Muslim) in order to avoid the Catholicism enforced by Venetian and Habsburg rulers
This political entity prevented the expansion of Russia, Austria, and Poland
The Ottoman Empire was in league with the Anti-Habsburg European power
The Ottoman Empire controlled the Dardenelles making it impossible for Russia to use this sea for international trade
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.