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English II Honors Second Semester Study Guide Pt. 2
Contains: commas, semicolons, colons, tali's, quotation marks, ellipsis points, apostrophes, hyphens, dashes, parentheses, brackets
Terms in this set (25)
use commas to separate items in a series
The camp counselor distributed baseballs, bats, volleyballs, tennis rackets, and bandages.
if all the items in a series are joined by "and," "or," or "nor," do not use commas to separate them
We ran and walked and even limped to the finish line.
use commas to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun
I've had a long, hectic, tiring day.
use a comma before "and," "but," "for," "nor," "or," "so," or "yet" when the conjunction joins independent clauses
Patrick brought the sandwiches, and Cindy brought the potato salad.
if the independent clauses contain commas, a semicolon may be required to separate them
Oe of the cats had brown, black, and yellow spots; and the other, younger one was pure black.
use commas to set off nonessential subordinate clauses and nonessential participial phrases
Emilia Ortiz, who lives across the street from me, won a scholarship to Stanford University.
use a comma to set off a mild exclamation such as "well," "oh," or "why" a the beginning of a sentence. other introductory words such as "yes" or "no" are also set off by commas
Oh, look at that car!
use a comma after an introductory participle or participial phrase
Shivering, the couple hurried into the warm lobby of the movie theater.
use a comma after an introductory prepositional phrase if the phrase is long or if two or more phrases appear together
During the long bus ride home, we sang songs and told stories to amuse ourselves.
use a comma after an introductory adverb clause
When you've gone to this school for a while, you'll know your way around, too.
use commas to set off nonessential appositives and nonessential appositive phrases
Do you know him, the boy wearing the blue shirt?
use commas to set off words used in direct address
Did you call me, Mother?
use commas to set off parenthetical expressions
You are, I hope, planning to arrive on time.
use commas to separate items in dates and addresses
On Saturday, June 21, 1999, Robert moved to Miami Beach, Fl 33139-0814.
use the comma after the salutation of a personal letter and after the closing of any letter
Dear Aunt Meg,
use a comma to set off an abbreviation such as Jr., Sr., or M.D., that follows a person's name
Russell E. Davis, Jr., has been elected mayor
use a semicolon between independent clauses that are closely related in thought and that are not joined by "and," "but," "for," "nor," "or," "so," or "yet"
Everyone else in the family excels in a particular sport; I seem to be the only exception.
use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb or a transitional expression
Only two people registered for the potter lessons; as a result, the class was canceled
use a semicolon between items in a series if the items contain commas
In 1990, the three largest cities in the United States were New York, New York; Los Angeles, California; and Chicago, Illinois.
use a colon before a list of items, especially after expressions such as "the follow" and "as follows"
During the summer vacation, Juanita read biographies of the follow people: John Ross and Annie Wauneka.
use a colon before a statement that explains or clarifies a preceding statement
He deserves a raise: He completed the project on schedule and under budget.
use a colon between the hour and the minute
use a colon between chapter and verse in biblical references
I Corinthians 13:1-13
use a colon between a title and a subtitle
Tilting Knights: King Richard and Saladin
Use a colon after the solution of a business letter
Dear Ms. Weinberg:
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