College History ch.15-16

Terms in this set (46)

Slavery was used in America for hundreds of years. It started out with the Indians using other Indians from rival tribes as slaves. Then when America was founded, the white men took over. At first, they used the Indians as slaves, but as time went on they realized that they needed more. Therefore, they went to Africa, and started trafficking people to work as slaves in America. They used some white men and women as slaves as well, but they had some hope of getting out and making a better life for themselves and their families. The Africans did not. The white people worked as indentured servants. An indentured servant was someone who signed on for a temporary period of servitude to a master in exchange for passage to the New World. They did not just take the money, travel to America, and disappear though, they had to work for the person that paid their way for the contracted amount of time. Very few who actually finished their service as an indentured servant, were able to do well for themselves and their family. Benjamin Franklin's grandmother was an indentured servant. She married the man had originally paid her way. Many died before completing their indenture, but most of them remained relatively poor after finishing their service. In 1808, any participation in international slave trade was outlawed, but slavery continued in the United States for many years. It was not until Abraham Lincoln became president that anyone was able to do anything productive toward abolishing slavery. In 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which stated that on January 1, 1863, all slaves in the Rebel states would be "forever free." It was not until the 13th Amendment was passed that slavery was no more, but they were not able to become citizens until the 14th Amendment was passed.