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US History Semester 2 Final 2019 - Dalbello
Terms in this set (123)
The first atomic bomb was dropped on _______, Japan on August 6, 1945.
World War II ended in _______. It is also the same year that Hitler killed himself & we dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki.
_______ was president from 1928-1932 and was blamed for the Great Depression. He believed the government should not interfere with the economy and kept waiting for it to correct itself.
_______ was a famous baseball player from the 1930's. He played for the Boston Red Sox but was traded to the New York Yankees starting the "Curse of the Bambino".
The _______ gained enormous popularity, especially in the South during the 1920's & 1930's. The purpose of this group was to purify and glorify the white Anglo-Saxon, Protestant race by criticizing and terrorizing Jews, blacks, and others.
The _______ was one of the largest programs under the New Deal. It set out to help youths, professionals, and other workers and built airports, roads, libraries, schools, and hospitals.
_______ was the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. He did this in 1927.
The second atomic bomb was dropped on ______, Japan on August 9, 1945.
A restriction of people's rights to buy an unlimited amount of food or other goods is known as _______.
The code name for the secret development of the atomic bomb was the _______.
The U.S. policy of _______ was an attempt to block the Soviet spread of communism and their influence by creating alliances & supporting weaker countries.
After World War II, Berlin was divided into four parts. The Soviets decided to cut off West Berlin hoping this will force the Western nations to give up the idea of a unified Germany or surrender control of Germany. The response by the United States and Great Britain was called the _______.
After World War II, China was having a civil war. The Communists (in the north) were led by _______.
A political philosophy put into place by Adolf Hitler in Germany was known as _______.
This New Deal program controlled flooding and provided electricity to eastern states.
________ were women of the 1920's who dressed in short skirts, smoked and drank in public, cut their hair short, and danced the Charleston.
________ was a policy of the United States after World War I in which we pulled away from involvement in world affairs.
________ were people who smuggled liquor into the country and sold it illegally during Prohibition.
A ________ is a period of rising stock prices.
FDR used his ________ as a way to communicate about issues of public concern with the American people.
The signing of the Japanese surrender to end World War II took place on the ________ (this was intentionally done as a tribute to Harry S.Truman's role in ending the war).
________ translates to "crystal night", or night of the broken glass. It was November 9, 1938. Nazi storm troopers attacked & destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, & synagogues across Germany.
The ________, of 1947 said that the U.S. would help support free people throughout the world who were resisting takeovers by "outside pressures" (a.k.a Soviets).
The purpose of this Cold War organization, ________ , is to create a defensive military alliance. All countries promised that an attack on one would be regarded as an attack on all. Members of this organization were not communist.
The ________ was a congressional committee created to investigate communism in the U.S. They investigated Hollywood & the film industry.
The German air force was called the _______.
The term/name, ________, referenced women working in factories on the homefront during World War II.
Rosie the Riveter
_______ occured on September 2, 1945.
_______ was the code name for the planned invasion of Europe by the Allies, organized by Dwight D. Eisenhower. Eisenhower chose Normandy as the invasion sight, rather than Calais, France.
October 29, 1929 is better known as ________.
The period of literary and artistic creativity celebrating African-American culture in a specific part of New York City.
In 1933, the _________ repealed the 18th Amendment, making it legal to buy, consume, drink, and sell alcohol once again.
A ______ is a term for a hidden saloon/nightclub where liquor was sold.
_______ is when cities spread outward in all directions.
Benito Mussolini established a totalitarian, _______ regime in Italy which featured a strong, centralized government headed by a powerful dictator.
_______ was the code name for the planned invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa led by Dwight D. Eisenhower.
_______ won the election of 1932 and went on to be elected to an unprecedented four terms as president. He convinced people in the 1932 election that he could help bring the country out of the Great Depression. He advocated for the government to take a leading role in stimulating the economy.
_______ were Italian immigrants who were blamed for shooting two men. They were victims of the U.S. government's witch hunt to stop the spread of communism and anarchy in the 1920's.
Sacco and Vanzetti
This man, _______, created a brief scare with his radio drama "War of the Worlds". Americans were scared the country was going to be invaded by martians when they heard the radio program.
Poor Midwesterners who fled the Dust Bowl and traveled west to California were known as _______.
________ music grew out of rhythm & blues & added electronic music. It had heavy rhythm, simple melody & lyrics about cars, love, & problems of being young.
rock and roll
A company that offers similar products or services in many locations or sells the right to an individual to do business using the parent company name is called a _______.
Eisenhower authorized the building of a nationwide highway network in 1956. The legislation was called the _______.
Interstate Highway Act
Buying material goods in mass quantities during the 1950's was known as _______.
________ created Mickey Mouse. He also grew up in Kansas City. He opened a major theme park in Anaheim, California in the 1950's.
This Tennessee teacher, _______, was accused of teaching the theory of evolution to students in his high school science class.
_______ wrote the book "A Farewell to Arms". Some of his work reflects his experiences serving in World War I. He worked for the KC Star early in his career. Ultimately, he committed suicide.
_______ was a communist who led a revolution in Russia.
_______ was a famous jazz musician of the 1920's. He led the band at the Cotton Club in Harlem.
_______ was a famous Chicago gangster & symbol of the rise of organized crime. He ultimately wen tto prison for income tax evasion and served his sentence in Alcatraz. His nickname was scarfarce.
The ________ were aimed at keeping the United States out of World War II.
U.S. troops faced major German resistance during the D-day invasion at _______.
_______ occured on May 8, 1945.
This plane, the _______, dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
_______ was the Italian dictator during most of World War II. He joined forces with Hitler during the war.
This plan/policy was an extension of FDR's New Deal. It included proposals for nationwide healthcare and was created by Harry S. Truman. It was called the ________.
The new U.S. policy under Eisenhower that said we will go the edge, or brink of war was called ________. It said we will keep peace by promising to use all of our force, including nuclear weapons, against any aggressor.
A new fabric created in the 1950's was _______.
Followers of the 1950's nonconformist movement who cared little for material goods were called _______.
The "king" of rock and roll is _______.
________ took place on December 7, 1941.
The extreme hatred of Jewish people is known as _______.
_______ was the prime minister of Great Britain during most of World War II.
Hitler believed that the ______ were the superior race.
_______ commanded the Allied forces during the Normandy invasion. He went on to win the presidential elections of 1952 & 1956.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
A major corporation that includes a number of smaller companies in unrelated industries is called a _______.
A strategy of companies to purposely make items that would need to be replaced quickly so that people would go out & buy more things. Items would wear out or be outdated quickly & people would want the newer, better model. This strategy was called _______.
In 1947-1948, the U.S. gave away $12.5 billion to European countries in need. If we helped them recover from the war, they would like us more & communism would be less appealing. This strategy was known as the ______ and it was considered a success.
The demilitarized zone between North Korea and South Korea is commonly called the _______.
The ________ was a declaration of principles that spelled out the causes for which World War II was fought. It was signed by FDR & Winston Churchill.
_______ became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was from Independence, Missouri.
Harry S. Truman
Under the _______, the United States would loan or finance arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the United States".
With the passage of the ________, 16 million American men between the ages of 21-35 became registered with the military.
Selective Service Act
_______ was a French general who fled to England during World War II to set up a French government in exile.
Charles de Gaulle
_______ was known as "Dr. Death". He conducted cruel medical experiments to prisoners at concentration camps.
The Battle of ________, although a humiliating experience for Allied troops, was considered a success because the Allied troops acted quickly and rescued their soldiers by sending over boats and ships to the Belgian port city.
The______ was a list of people who were accused of having a communist background. Approximately people 500 made the list. Their careers were ruined & they could no longer work in Hollywood.
The _______ was 67 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. We tested one in the South Pacific on November 1, 1952.
________ were Southern democrats who opposed civil rights & sought to protect "the Southern way of life" from the federal government They did not like Truman because he was in favor of civil rights.
This agency, the _______, used spies to gather information abroad. They also tried to carry out secret missions to weaken &/or overthrow governments we didn't like. This agency was created in the height of the Cold War.
The ________ was an attempt for racial purity that called for the systematic murder of 11 million people, more than half of whom were Jews.
Under the _______, each Axis nation agreed to come to the defense of the others if any of them were attacked.
This New Deal program, the ______, guarantees the money you put in the bank. This helped to restore raith in the banking system. It still exists today.
The state of hostility between superpowers that is just short of direct military confrontation is known as the _______. It lasted from 1945-1991.
The _______ was passed by Congress in 1944. It paid part of the tuition
________ was a Senator from Wisconsin who claimed that communists were taking over our government. He helped to create the Red Scare of the 1950's.
The _______, a New Deal program, was aimed at helping young people. The program allowed students the opportunity to work part-time in positions at their schools.
________ was the name of the first of the communities/towns built using assembly line methods and techniques in the home building process. It was in Long Island, NY.
The _______, a New Deal program, brought electricity to rural areas that did not have electricity and were isolated.
_________ opened in July of 1955 in Anaheim, California. In the first year alone, it attracted 3 million visitors!
Germany used the blitzkrieg strategy to invade the country of ________.
_______ was the American president for most of World War II. He was elected to four terms as president, more than any other person in U.S. history!
The deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target is known as _________.
This reporter/newsman, ________, introduced two innovations to the news industry in the 1950's; on-scene reporting & interviewing.
Edward R. Murrow
The name of a type of U.S. spy plane during the 1950's was the ______. One was shot down over the Soviet Union while on a mission.
This 1954 Supreme Court case declared separate was not equal. It overturned the 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson decision. It required public schools to be integrated with "all deliberate speed."
Brown vs. Board
The _______ was a military alliance formed in July of 1955 by the Soviet Union with other Eastern European countries. It was a Communist response to NATO.
The _______ were an Americans couple who were accused of giving secret information about the atomic bomb to the Soviets. They were found guilty & sentenced to death leaving behind two sons.
The United States, Great Britain, France, Canada, and many others composed the ________ during World War II.
Japan, Germany, and Italy composed the ________ during World War II.
The granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep peace is known as .
Lightning war is known as . It was the military tactic that Hitler used to invade Poland.
________ was the U.S. officer who headed the American occupation of Japan at the conclusion of World War II. He was also the general in charge of our attempt to take the Phillipines back from Japan.
________ was the author of "The Great Gatsby". He and his wife Zelda exemplified the "living life to the fullest" motto of the Roaring 1920's.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
________ was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She was from Atchison, Kansas.
This New Deal program still exists today. It offers supplemental income for retired workers, the unemployed, and income for those with disabilities. It is called the _______.
Social Security Act
The first unmanned artificial satellite to go above the friction of the earth's atmosphere was named _______.
The 1896 Supreme Court case, ________, declared "separate but equal".
Plessy vs. Ferguson
________ refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama to a white man. This act started the boycott of Montgomery, Alabama buses and sparked the civil rights movement in the United States.
The unprecedented population explosion in the United States after World War II (1946-1964) was called the _______. These people compose the largest generation in our nation's history.
________ created a vaccine for polio.
________ was president during the 1920's and believed the "business of America was business". He did not want the government to interfere in any way with economics. He was known as "Silent Cal".
The ______ involved the corrupt handling of governent land (set aside for conservation) to extract oil.
Teapot Dome Scandal
The ______ was a New Deal program that hired young men to plant trees, build trails through national parks, etc.
The ________ prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation, and consumption of alcohol. It was passed in 1920.
________ was president in the early 1920's. He had a vision for America to "return to normalcy" after World War I.
Warren G. Harding
In his book, _______, Hitler divides humans into two categories; the master races and the inferior race.
________ was the leader of the Soviet Union during World War II. He killed 8-15 million Soviets who he saw as "enemies" of the state.
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious group is known as _______.
The ________ was the planned invasion of Cuba. The CIA trained Cuban exiles to invade Cuba in the hopes it would create a massive uprising & would overthrow Fidel Castro.
Bay of Pigs
The _______ was a structure built during the Cold War to separate East Berlin (communist) from West Berlin (non-communist).
_________ was a new policy under JFK that would build our nation's nonnuclear forces (the military) so that we would have more options in an international crises.
The __________ took place in October of 1962. It was when the Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles & other weapons to Cuba and aimed the weapons at the U.S.
Cuban Missile Crisis
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