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English exam - study guide
Terms in this set (58)
A preposition relates a noun or pronouns to another word in the sentence
(Prepositions are not like prepositional phrases)
about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without
The fifty prepositions
What is the preposition?
1) In the morning
2) On the first day
3) At 12 o' clock
What is the preposition?
"He grew up in New York City."
1. Prepositions of time (ago, before, since...)
2. Prepositions of place (under, behind, between...)
3. Prepositions of movement/ Direction (up, down, over...)
4. Prepositions for agent, instruments, devices, machines...(by, with, on...)
5. Prepositional phrases (in time, on time, in love...)
there are five different types of prepositions in English grammar.
Conjunctions connect words, groups of words, and whole sentences. They're like the 'the glue' of the phrase.
Coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
An easy way to memorize the conjunctions of a sentence is to remember "fanboys"
What is the coordinating conjunction?
1) We listened eagerly , for he brought news of our families.
2) I didn't expect children to be rude, nor do I expect them to disobey.
3) They rushed to the hospital, but they were too late.
interjections are words that express sudden excitement or strong feeling.
ah, aha, alas, boy, darn, eureka, fine, golly, gosh, great, heavens, hey, huh, hurray, my, never, nonsense, oh, oops, ouch, psst, shh, terrible, terrific, ugh, well, what, whew, wonderful, wow
Different types of interjections
meaning: Exclamation of pain
meaning: An indication for silence
3) Uh oh
meaning: Showing dismay
What is the interjection?
1) Ouch, that hurt! Stop pinching me!
2) Shh! The show is about to start.
3) Uh oh! The teacher's caught him.
The subject tells who or what the sentence is about. the predicate tells something about the subject. The predicate is mostly a verb.
(simple subjects and predicates not complete)
The basic sentence
1) Simple subject: children
Simple predicate: carved, roasted
2) Simple subject: Jenny
Simple predicate: cooked
3) Simple subject: frog
Simple predicate: jumped
What is the simple subject and simple predicate?
1) The children carved the pumpkin and roasted the seeds.
2) Jenny cooked dinner.
3) The spotted green frog jumped into the pond.
a phrase is a group of words that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech. phrases do not contain a subject and a verb.
An adjective phrase is a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun by telling what kind or which one. Ask yourself.. Which one? or Which kind?
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