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PLT Test Form 2
Terms in this set (65)
Michael, a middle school student diagnosed with an emotional disturbance, has difficulty controlling behaviors that interfere with his academic growth and development. Which of the following is the most effective teacher strategy for helping Michael focus on academics?
Minimizing visual and auditory stimuli for the student and clearly outlining areas where specific behaviors are expected
A teacher wants to learn how to implement an instructional strategy for the upcoming school year. Which of the following professional development practices will best help the teacher?
Attending a workshop
Which of the following best explains why grade-equivalent scores are useful?
They compare a student's performance with the average performance of students at other grade levels.
Which of the following is the most reasonable statement based on the self-determination theory?
Students who are academically competent, independent, and able to relate to others will be intrinsically motivated.
Mr. Burgess is creating a lesson for his eighth-grade English class to introduce a new novel. The novel has vivid descriptions of a historical event that some students have no prior knowledge of. He needs to establish the historical background to engage students in a preliminary dialogue about the event before they read the novel. Which of the following strategies uses the most appropriate resource for introducing the new content?
Showing an educational video on the event to the class
Which of the following best describes the type of scoring that applies many criteria at the same time to evaluate an end-of-course project and results in a single grade?
A seventh-grade language arts teacher plans an instructional unit based on a novel that students will read in class. Which of the following activities is most appropriate to include in the unit if the students are in the formal operational stage of cognitive development?
Writing an explanation about the symbolism found in the novel
Which of the following approaches is the best way to establish and foster positive relationships between the school and families?
Meeting and greeting families as they arrive to school events
Which of the following instructional activities best requires students to engage in the complex cognitive process of detecting bias?
Analyzing keywords used in a news article to determine the point of view of the author
During a unit on the Civil War, a fifth-grade teacher wants to evaluate the metacognitive knowledge of students on a higher level of Bloom's taxonomy. Which of the following is the best example of an objective written at the highest level?
Having students describe their strategies for evaluating why Kansas remained a free state during the Civil War
To help students construct knowledge, it is most important for a teacher to first consider the students'
Teachers form groups from different grade levels and subject areas to analyze student scores from different assessments. The teachers are primarily participating in the professional development practice of
A raw score on a standardized test is best defined as which of the following?
The number of questions a student answers correctly
An English teacher develops a learning objective in which students use analytical skills with a short story that they just read. Which of the following student activities is the most appropriate for achieving the instructional objective?
Writing a critique of the author's use of figurative language
According to the United States Constitution, a public school student who has committed a serious disciplinary infraction at school is entitled to which of the following prior to suspension or expulsion?
A formal due process hearing
Over a two-week period, an eighth-grade English teacher prepares students to engage in a collective debate on the positives and negatives of wearing school uniforms. The teacher implements a collaborative learning format, separating students into groups to defend one side of the argument. Which of the following strategies is the teacher primarily using to promote intrinsic motivation?
Empowering the students with worthwhile assignments
When beginning a unit on a historical fiction novel, a teacher is most likely to do which of the following on the first day of the unit?
Activate students' prior knowledge about the setting of the book
Which of the following methods is the best way for a teacher to access state standards?
Downloading a copy from the state's department of education Web site
Which of the following activities is most effective to use with kinesthetic learners?
Using role-play or body movements to dramatize concepts
Which of the following is most likely the primary role of a school administrator when serving on an IEP team?
Supervising the implementation of the IEPI E P and obtaining resources to support it
Charlie's teacher discusses the results of his state English language arts exam with him during a brief conference. Which of the following is the best way for the teacher to explain Charlie's score to him to foster his understanding?
You answered 42 out of 50 questions correctly on the selected-response portion of the exam."
Which of the following is the best example of a classroom presentation accommodation that a student with a visual disability might receive as part of a Section 504 plan?
Listening to an audio version of a book that is being read in class instead of reading a print version
Which of the following teacher actions is permitted under the fair use guidelines of copyright law?
Reproducing an excerpt from a text to annotate
Which of the following statements best describes the distinguishing features of interactive instruction?
Students learn through the sharing of information with others.
Which of the following statements best describes a limitation of an online portfolio for a student assessment?
Content mastery is difficult to determine objectively.
An eighth-grade science teacher plans a chemistry lesson on how dissolving chemicals in water lowers the freezing point of the resulting solution. Students will work in groups to make homemade ice cream by using a bag of ice and salt to freeze a mixture of cream and sugar. The lesson is most closely aligned with which of the following educational philosophies?
John Dewey's experiential education
Mr. Luna is an eighth-grade pre-algebra teacher. During instruction, a few of his students are blurting out answers without permission and refusing to start assignments once given directives. The teacher has thoroughly analyzed his classroom management practices and referenced his annotations on the situation. He has implemented disciplinary measures to deal with the circumstances, but the problem continues to occur. To best address the situation, the teacher's next step is to
request a colleague to observe the class and give feedback
Which of the following is the strategy exemplified by a teacher who provides exemplars, prompts, sentence starters, and graphic organizers at the start of a task to support student learning?
A student does extremely well with daily routines and meets daily expectations, but has trouble concentrating when there is a substitute teacher or the routine is altered. According to Maslow, which of the following needs is best exemplified by the student's actions?
safety and security
Which of the following is the most important reason why a teacher has students learn to use self- and peer-assessments?
Encouraging accountability for active engagement in the learning process
Which of the following methods best utilizes a classroom paraeducator as an instructional partner?
Setting aside time each week to include the paraeducator in lesson planning
Which of the following is the most appropriate modification when assessing the vocabulary knowledge of a student struggling to retain information?
Providing a word bank of possible answers for test questions
A teacher recognizes a need for a greater school-wide focus on differentiated instruction. Which of the following strategies is best for the teacher to advocate for?
Ensuring that educators are trained in methods of tailoring lessons for specific groups of students
By asking questions and providing supportive feedback to students, a teacher is primarily modeling
A student's benchmark test results show unsatisfactory mastery of concepts that are foundational for future academic success. Which of the following steps is most appropriate for the teacher to take next?
Discussing the meaning of the results with the student's parent and planning for intervention
Which of the following scenarios best exemplifies a teachable moment in a social studies class?
A student notices that an event discussed in a history textbook closely parallels a current news event.
As part of a classroom management plan, a middle school teacher develops a system in which students can earn points for following specific behavior expectations. The students can then exchange the points for a homework pass. To promote a positive learning environment, the teacher is relying primarily on the students'
A seventh-grade life science teacher starts a unit on classifying organisms into the six kingdoms by their characteristics. In the first few days of instruction, the teacher notices a few students are struggling to understand the vocabulary that classifies each kingdom and is concerned they will continue to struggle. To best meet the students' needs, the teacher's best next step is to
reteach using scaffolding
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between scope and sequence and standards of learning?
Scope and sequence provide the breadth, depth, and arrangement of instruction based on standards of learning.
A teacher wants to use an informal assessment to monitor students' progress in writing. Which of the following assessments will best accomplish the teacher's goal?
A journal entry from a portfolio
After roll call on the first day of school, MsMiss. Gorbet notices that a student seems upset. After calling on the student later in the day, MsMiss. Gorbet realizes that she is mispronouncing the student's name and has most likely offended the student. MsMiss. Gorbet later reflects on the situation and thinks about her actions, feelings, and consequences of the occurrence. She also considers what she learned from the occurrence and how it will affect future actions. Which of the following reflective practices do MsMiss. Gorbet's actions best demonstrate?
Implementing critical incident analysis
When observing students during a cooperative learning activity, a middle school teacher notices that some groups are having difficulty completing the task because several members are not participating. Which of the following actions will best help the teacher address this problem?
Reassessing expectations for student accountability
Billy is a seventh-grade student in Mr. Harwell's civics class. Billy is always the first student finished with assignments and then tends to be disruptive. During presentations and discussions he constantly interrupts to ask questions that interest him and go beyond the lesson. Which of the following actions is best for Mr. Harwell to take in response to the situation described?
Gathering the student's performance data so that he can be evaluated for a gifted program
Which of the following types of standardized assessment best indicates a student's intelligence quotient?
Which of the following generalizations is most consistent with the research on the zone of proximal development?
Provided with appropriate support at the right moments, students will be able to achieve tasks that would otherwise be too difficult for them.
When active discovery learning consistently occurs in a classroom, it primarily allows for which of the following?
The development of students' problem-solving skills
A fifth-grade teacher, Ms. Weng, has been asked to plan a professional-development session for her colleagues. Ms. Weng's goal for the session is to encourage greater student involvement in the classroom by inspiring her colleagues to explore ways to experience more successful outcomes. MsMiss. Weng can best inspire her colleagues by providing them with explicit guidance on which of the following topics?
Evaluating the effectiveness of instructional approaches
A fifth-grade teacher notices a student, Michael, has stopped participating in lesson activities and started sleeping in class over the past week. These behaviors are uncharacteristic of the teacher's previous interactions and observations of Michael to this point in the school year. To address the student's current circumstances, the next best step for the teacher to take is to
evaluate potential external factors affecting the student's actions
Which of the following teacher strategies will best help Marcus, a fifth-grade student diagnosed with the speech disorder of stuttering, better articulate in the classroom?
Allowing Marcus to respond without interrupting him or finishing his words
Which of the following is the primary difference between the role of a physical therapist and that of an occupational therapist?
A physical therapist works directly to treat a person's injuries, while an occupational therapist helps to improve life skills through training with adaptive tools.
When asking questions to the class, a teacher wants students to articulate their responses in a well thought-out manner. Which of the following strategies is best for the teacher to implement first?
Giving students a wait time before calling on them
A ninth-grade English class is studying the differences between the filmed and original versions of a story. They use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast the different versions of the story before writing an essay on the topic. Which of the following best describes the teacher's instructional technique?
A concept-mapping model
Which of the following methods best helps establish classroom routines with secondary school students?
Practicing classroom expectations until they become routines for students
Which of the following methods best helps middle school students monitor their own progress in class?
Using graphic charts to track their grades over a period of time
Which of the following instructional strategies contributes most to positive student perception of teachers?
Building relationships with students that demonstrate genuine care and concern
A fifth-grade teacher notices that Samuel, an ELLE L L, consistently struggles to understand literature in English although he speaks the language fluently. It is most important for the teacher to do which of the following to best help Samuel?
Evaluate Samuel using instructional materials in his primary language to determine possible barriers to comprehension
A fifth-grade math teacher realizes that some students may not be recognizing the different characteristics of multiple quadrilateral shapes. The teacher decides to observe student understanding more closely by distributing individual whiteboards and having the students draw the quadrilateral figures. Which of the following strategies is the most appropriate way for the teacher to promptly adapt the instruction for students who are not grasping the material?
Using manipulatives to help students visualize instruction
A teacher wants to accelerate English-language learners' vocabulary development of tier 1 words, which are common, basic everyday words. Which of the following is the most appropriate way for the teacher to achieve the objective?
Providing multiple examples of words that students hear, say, and then match to photographs
Which of the following is an atypical behavior for 15-year-old adolescents?
Encountering problems with activities requiring the use of fine motor skills
Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding the difference between a student's scores on a norm-referenced test and the student's scores on a criterion-referenced test?
Criterion-referenced scores show a student's mastery of a defined set of objectives, while norm-referenced scores allow comparisons with other students on the same test.
Jeremy is a good math student in a ninth-grade algebra class who is asked to go to the board to find the roots of an equation. Once Jeremy is at the board, he stares at the equation and then turns to the teacher and says, "I do not know how to do it." Which of the following is the most appropriate step for the teacher to take?
Probing Jeremy to recall his prior knowledge about solving equations
A sixth-grade social studies teacher is collaborating with a special education teacher to develop a geography lesson that differentiates instruction for individual students based on their ability levels. Which of the following assessment strategies is best for the teachers to use to determine the students' skill levels to differentiate instruction for each learner?
Administering a diagnostic benchmark test
A middle school wishes to develop partnerships with local businesses and organizations to improve student access to extended learning opportunities. Which of the following considerations is most important when initiating community partnerships?
Identifying and soliciting specific partners who are able to respond to the needs of local students
Which of the following types of assessments is primarily used to measure a student's strengths and weaknesses to predict future performance?
Emily is an eighth-grade student in a physical science class. Her class is currently learning about the various scientific instruments used to measure the different states of matter. During a class discussion, the teacher asks how to correctly measure volume. Emily volunteers to answer and states that a graduated cylinder is used to measure volume. Emily's response did not completely answer the teacher's question. Which of the following strategies should the teacher apply to best support student feedback?
Offering additional response time for the student
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