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19 terms

The Conquest of the Far West

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Many early explorers called the region of the American West between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains the ________
Great American Desert
In the mid-1800s, Anglo-American settlers in the Far West included what groups
Miners, cattle ranchers, farmers, and sheep ranchers
The caste system of the Spanish Southwest had _______ as its bottom group
Indians without tribes
In Hispanic California and Texas, the coming of Anglo-Americans meant that _______
Many Hispanics became part of the impoverished working class, some Hispanics found wealth, Hispanic landowners usually lost their land over the years, and the most powerful Hispanics experienced the destruction of their authority
In California, anti-Chinese sentiment grew to the point that ______
the federal government prohibited any futher Chinese immigration into the country
White settlement of the Great Plains west of the MIssissippi occurred because of what reasons?
the discovery of gold and silver deposits, encouragement by the federal government, the completion of the transcontinental railroad, and the passage of the Homestead act
To encourage settlement, the federal government passed a law that permitted settlers to buy land for small amounts of money if they lived on that land. The law was called _________
The Homestead Act
The multiracial working class in the western United States of the late 1800's ___________
contained a higher percentage of single people than the workers in other parts of the country
Mining in the West was characterized by ___________
areas that rapidly declined after the deposits were mined
Women in politics gained most respect and earliest suffrage in the _________
Western frontier territories
For legal purposes, the federal government traditionally viewed Indian tribes as ________
independent nations with whom treaties could be negotiated
After the Civil War, U.S. government policy toward the western Indian tribes was to
settle all of the Indians into two big areas
Under the 1867 Indian Peace Commission plan, the federal government attempted to relocate the Plains Indians to _______ and _________
Oklahoma and the Dakotas
THe 1887 law that tried to force Indians to assimilate into white society by ending tribal ownership of land and distributing it to individual tribe members was the ________
Dawes Severalty Act
Sand Creek and the Washita River are associated with the ________
massacre of peaceful Plains Indians
Which chief led his tribe on an incredible trek of defensive battles that covered over 1300 miles toward the Canadian border
Cheif Joseph
The Most important factor in allowing farmers to settle the Great Plains was the __________
Transcontinental Railroad
Farming on the Great Plains in the late 1800s consisted mainly of ___________
commercial operations
In comparing themselves with the rest of the nation, farmers felt that they were _________________
recieving fewer economic and social rewards than were other groups