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Many early explorers called the region of the American West between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains the ________

Great American Desert

In the mid-1800s, Anglo-American settlers in the Far West included what groups

Miners, cattle ranchers, farmers, and sheep ranchers

The caste system of the Spanish Southwest had _______ as its bottom group

Indians without tribes

In Hispanic California and Texas, the coming of Anglo-Americans meant that _______

Many Hispanics became part of the impoverished working class, some Hispanics found wealth, Hispanic landowners usually lost their land over the years, and the most powerful Hispanics experienced the destruction of their authority

In California, anti-Chinese sentiment grew to the point that ______

the federal government prohibited any futher Chinese immigration into the country

White settlement of the Great Plains west of the MIssissippi occurred because of what reasons?

the discovery of gold and silver deposits, encouragement by the federal government, the completion of the transcontinental railroad, and the passage of the Homestead act

To encourage settlement, the federal government passed a law that permitted settlers to buy land for small amounts of money if they lived on that land. The law was called _________

The Homestead Act

The multiracial working class in the western United States of the late 1800's ___________

contained a higher percentage of single people than the workers in other parts of the country

Mining in the West was characterized by ___________

areas that rapidly declined after the deposits were mined

Women in politics gained most respect and earliest suffrage in the _________

Western frontier territories

For legal purposes, the federal government traditionally viewed Indian tribes as ________

independent nations with whom treaties could be negotiated

After the Civil War, U.S. government policy toward the western Indian tribes was to

settle all of the Indians into two big areas

Under the 1867 Indian Peace Commission plan, the federal government attempted to relocate the Plains Indians to _______ and _________

Oklahoma and the Dakotas

THe 1887 law that tried to force Indians to assimilate into white society by ending tribal ownership of land and distributing it to individual tribe members was the ________

Dawes Severalty Act

Sand Creek and the Washita River are associated with the ________

massacre of peaceful Plains Indians

Which chief led his tribe on an incredible trek of defensive battles that covered over 1300 miles toward the Canadian border

Cheif Joseph

The Most important factor in allowing farmers to settle the Great Plains was the __________

Transcontinental Railroad

Farming on the Great Plains in the late 1800s consisted mainly of ___________

commercial operations

In comparing themselves with the rest of the nation, farmers felt that they were _________________

recieving fewer economic and social rewards than were other groups

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