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315 terms

Vocabulary Power Plus for the New SAT Book III

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factious
causing disagreement
ignoble
dishonorable, shameful
boor
a rude or impolite person
aegis
a shield, protection
perspicacity
keenness of judgment
fervent
eager, earnest
rectify
to correct; to make right
enervate
to weaken
besiege
to overwhelm; to surround and attack
ephemeral
lasting only a brief time; short-lived
altruism
a concern for others; generosity
carrion
decaying flesh
erotic
pertaining to sexual love
amorphous
shapeless, formless, vague
opulent
rich, luxurious; wealthy
impotent
powerless; lacking strength
antithesis
an exact opposite; an opposite extreme
maelstrom
whirlpool; turbulence; agitated state of mind
emendation
a correction
chagrin
embarrassment; a complete loss of courage
bauble
a showy but useless thing
diaphanous
very sheer and light
labyrinth
a complicated network of winding passages; a maze
gloat
to look at or think about with great satisfaction
impediment
a barrier; obstruction
bestial
savage, brutal
effete
worn out; barren
shard
a fragment
bland
mild, tasteless, dull
nihilism
a total rejection of established laws
pedestrian
ordinary or dull
bona fide
in good faith
adventitious
accidental; nonessential
fecund
fertile, productive
deviate
to turn aside from a course; to stray
obfuscate
to confuse; to bewilder
impale
to pierce with a sharp stake through the body
extenuate
to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses
parochial
local; narrow; limited
glower
to stare angrily
edify
to improve someone morally
ambiguous
open to more than one interpretation
cataclysm
a violent change
optimum
best; most favorable; ideal
importune
to ask persistently; to beg
celibate
abstaining from intercourse
fortuitous
lucky; by chance
recapitulate
to summarize; to repeat briefly
perfunctory
done without care; in a routine fashion
baroque
overly decorated
hedonism
pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses
obloquy
strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism
debacle
a complete failure; a total collapse
quasi-
resembling; seeming; half
besmirch
to make dirty; to stain
imperative
extremely necessary; vitally important
sacrosanct
extremely holy
sadistic
deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on others
demeanor
behavior; manner of conducting oneself
facetious
comical; jocular; flippant
fop
an excessively fashion-conscious man
imprecation
a curse
non sequitur
something that does not logically follow
sanguine
cheerful; optimistic
bowdlerize
to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc.
impair
to weaken; to cause to become worse
panegyric
an expression of praise
quandary
a puzzling situation; a dilemma
ebullient
enthusiastic
deference
respect; consideration
carnal
relating to physical appetite, especially sexual
nebulous
hazy, vague, uncertain
rakish
carefree; dashing; jaunty
elegy
a sad or mournful poem
pedantic
tending to show off one's learning
antipathy
an intense dislike
elucidate
to make clear
imminent
likely to happen; threatening
banal
common, ordinary
obdurate
stubborn, hardhearted
peruse
to read carefully; scrutinize
bedlam
a noisy uproar; a scene of wild confusion
affluence
wealth; richness
scurrilous
coarsely abusive; vulgar
parody
a work which imitates another in a ridiculous manner
sedulous
hard working; diligent
onerous
burdensome; heavy; hard to endure
amoral
lacking a sense of right and wrong
eschew
to keep away from; to avoid; to shun
denouement
an outcome; result
adroit
skillful; clever
macroscopic
visible to the naked eye
fatuous
foolish; inane
bovine
pertaining to cows or cattle
ferret
to search or drive out
affectation
a phony attitude; pose
knell
a sound made by a bell rung slowly for a death or funeral
dichotomy
a division into two parts
callow
young and inexperienced
laconic
using few words; short; concise
quiddity
an essential quality
patent
evident or obvious
peccadillo
a minor offense, a misdeed
sagacious
wise; having keep perception and sound judgment
rationalize
to make an excuse for
deride
to ridicule; to mock
censure
to criticize sharply
gambol
to frolic; to romp about playfully
immolate
to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire
recondite
difficult to understand; profound
martinet
a strict disciplinarian; taskmaster
quagmire
a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation
gibe
to scoff, to ridicule
agape
open-mouthed, surprised, agog
carcinogen
causing cancer
olfactory
pertaining to smell
imperious
domineering; haughty
grotesque
absurd; distorted
neologism
a new word or expression
hackneyed
commonplace; overused
machination
an evil design or plan
pejorative
having a negative effect; insulting
harbinger
an omen or sign
nubile
suitable for marriage in age and physical development, referring to a female
sapient
wise; full of knowledge
chimerical
imaginary; fantastic
masochist
one who enjoys his or her own pain and suffering
finesse
diplomacy; tact; artful management
heterogeneous
different; dissimilar
eclectic
choosing from various sources
grandiose
impressive; showy; magnificent
raiment
clothing; garments
blanch
to whiten; to make pale
hybrid
anything of mixed origin
idiosyncrasy
a peculiar personality trait
idolatry
excessive or blind adoration; worship of an object
adulterate
to make impure, to contaminate
emanate
to come forth; to send forth
garish
tastelessly gaudy
immutable
unchangeable, fixed
diadem
a crown
bucolic
pertaining to the countryside; rural, rustic
redolent
having a pleasant odor; suggestive or evocative
impecunious
without money; penniless
sedition
rebellion or resistance against the government
defile
to pollute, to corrupt
gratuitous
unnecessary or uncalled for
onus
a burden, responsibility, obligation
impious
disrespectful towards God
caveat
a warning
elixir
a supposed remedy for all ailments
dessicated
dried up
cessation
a stopping; a discontinuance
juxtapose
to place side-by-side for comparison
kinetic
pertaining to motion
garrulous
talkative
fetish
an object that receives respect or devotion
scintillate
to sparkle; to twinkle; to sparkle intellectually
lachrymose
tearful; weepy
fissure
an opening; a groove; a split
epitome
a typical example
languid
sluggish; drooping from weakness
delineate
to describe; to depict
legerdemain
sleight of hand; deception
libertine
one who leads an immoral life
halcyon
calm, pleasant
fastidious
hard to please; fussy
badinage
playful, teasing talk
malapropism
a word humorously misused
garner
to gather; to acquire
kismet
destiny; fate; fortune (one's lot in life)
hegira
flight, escape
paradigm
a model; an example
debauchery
corruption; self-indulgence
milieu
environment; setting
regress
to move in a backward direction
bilious
bad tempered, cross
necromancy
magic, especially that practiced by a witch
gumption
courage and initiative; common sense
blandishment
flattery
nirvana
a condition of great peace or happiness
salutary
healthful; wholesome
despicable
contemptible, hateful
harlequin
a clown
empathy
an understanding of another's feelings
brevity
briefness; short duration
savant
a person of extensive learning; an eminent scholar
obsequious
excessively submissive or overly attentive
redundant
repetitious; using more words than needed
offal
garbage; waste parts
hoi polloi
common people; the masses
sentient
conscious; capable of feeling or perceiving
impinge
to encroach; to trespass
cataract
a large waterfall
animosity
hatred
bombast
impressive but meaningless language
orthography
correct spelling
paleontology
a science dealing with prehistoric life through the study of fossils
recoil
to retreat; to draw back
panache
self-confidence; a showy manner
saturnine
gloomy; sluggish
endemic
confined to a particular country or area
mendacious
lying; false; deceitful
obviate
to prevent; to get around
aggrandize
to enlarge; to expand
paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a fit
deign
to lower oneself before an inferior
flaunt
to show off
shibboleth
a word or pronunciation that distinguishes someone as of a particular group
elicit
to draw forth; to call forth
orifice
mouth; opening
hallow
to make holy
perdition
damnation; ruin; hell
chaff
worthless matter
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty
empirical
based on practical experience rather than theory
germane
relevant; fitting
hermetic
tightly sealed
meretricious
attractive in a cheap, flashy way
querulous
complaining; grumbling
flaccid
flabby
hospice
a shelter for travelers, orphans, or the ill or destitute
egregious
remarkably bad; outrageous
ratiocinate
to reason; to think
foment
to stir up; to incite
salient
significant; conspicuous; standing out from the rest
recant
to withdraw or disavow a statement or opinion
jocular
humorous, lighthearted
palliate
to ease, to lessen, to soothe
malleable
capable of being changed; easily shaped
recreant
a coward; a traitor
affinity
an attraction to
impalpable
unable to be felt, intangible
fiscal
pertaining to finances
regale
to delight with something pleasing or amusing
miscreant
a vicious person
flagellate
to whip; to lash
lascivious
lustful or lewd
flout
to ridicule; to show contempt for
salacious
obscene; lusty
rebuke
to scold; to blame
nonentity
a person or thing of little importance
sang-froid
calmness; composure or cool self-possession
desultory
wandering from subject to subject
hector
to bully; to pester
pandemic
general; widespread
coalesce
to blend; to merge
beguile
to deceive; to charm; to enchant
ennui
boredom; a weariness resulting from lack of interest
hiatus
a pause or gap
lambent
softly bright or radiant; moving lightly over a surface
ergo
therefore
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
pecuniary
pertaining to money; financial
sibilant
a hissing sound
incendiary
causing to excite or inflame
apotheosis
the finest example
contiguous
making contact or touching at some point; side by side
auspicious
signaling favorable or promising results
vociferous
marked by noise; loud
avuncular
similar to an uncle
proletariat
working class or lower class; blue collar
tenacious
strongly held; not easy to separate
specious
deceptive or misleading
refractory
unmanageable or difficult to control
inimitable
cannot be imitated
malfeasance
poor conduct or wrongdoing, especially on the part of a public official
platonic
marked by the absence of romantic or physical attraction
potificate
speak in a pretentiously dignified or dogmatic way
prurient
giving into lust or having lewd thoughts
insuperable
not able to be overcome
apex
the highest point of something
acrid
marked by a sharp taste or smell; bitter
fulminate
to voice disapproval or protest
jejune
without interest; dull
hegemony
influence or domination over
truculent
marked by ferocity
credulity
willingness to believe too readily
dross
refuse or waste
verisimilitude
the appearance of truth
viscous
having a thick or sticky consistency like glue
psychosomatic
of or relating to symptoms caused by mental or emotional problems
abnegation
unwillingness to admit reality or truth; denial
polyglot
something or someone with knowledge of several different languages
gravitas
seriousness
intractable
difficult to manipulate or govern
disseminate
to disperse or scatter
sinecure
a job that provides income but requires little or no work
tendentious
biased in perspective; preferring one view over another
politic
prudent or shrewdly tactful
extemporaneous
done without planning; spur of the moment; unexpected; makeshift
discursive
jumping from one topic to another without any order or reason
diaspora
a dispersion of people from their homeland
requiem
a religious service or song for the deceased
traduce
to slander someone's reputation
acerbic
sarcastic in mood, tone, or temper; harsh
beatitude
a state of happiness or joy
maladroit
not resourceful or cunning; inept
androgynous
having features of both sexes; suitable for both male and female
augur
someone who predicts future events according to omens
bon mot
a witty remark or saying
peon
various laborers who are generally landless
plutocrat
a member of the controlling upper-class
plenary
complete in every way; full
digress
to deviate from the original subject or course
furlough
a leave of absence
misogyny
a hatred towards females
stolid
showing or having little or no emotion; unemotional
succor
something that gives relief or aid
travesty
poor representation or imitation; distortion
xeric
characterized by or adapted to a dry habitat
clandestine
marked by secrecy
potboiler
a poorly done artistic work, often for quick profit
redoubtable
arousing fear
vignette
a short, descriptive literary sketch