47 terms

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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Respiration
is the entire process which a body obtains and uses oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide and water
Respiratory system -
consists of the lungs, throat, and passageways that lead to the lungs ;makes breathing possible
Pharynx -
the upper portion of the throat
Larynx -
voice box- the area of the throat that contains the vocal cords
Trachea -
large tube; where the air passageway from the larynx to the lungs
Bronchi -
the tubes that connect the lungs with the trachea ; split of the trachea
Alveoli -
tiny sacs that form the bronchiole branches of the lungs
Cellular respiration
chemical reaction; the process of producing energy stored in the molecules of carbohydrates, fats and proteins ; releases carbon dioxide and water (oxygen)
Diaphragm -
a dome shaped muscle underneath the lungs
O2 -
oxygen
CO2 -
carbon dioxide
Asthma -
respiratory disorder where irritants cause tissue around the bronchioles to constrict and secrete large amounts of mucus
Bronchitis -
respiratory disorder that can develop when something irritates the lining of the bronchioles
Pneumonia -
respiratory disorder that is caused by bacteria a or viruses that grow inside the bronchioles and alveoli and cause them to become inflamed and filled with fluid .
Emphysema -
respiratory disorder ;people with emphysema have trouble getting the oxygen they need because their lung tissue erodes away
three things happen as air enters the nose and sinus cavity
wet air humidifies, air is warmed, traps irritants
the primary passageway into and out of the respiratory system
Your nose
Once air leaves the nose, it
moves to the pharynx
.
trachea
.
laynyx
The pharynx splits into two tubes
esophagus
trachea/ larnyx
esophagus
tube that leads to the stomach
trachea/ larnyx
tube that leads to the lungs
windpipe
another name for trachea
bronchi
The trachea splits into two tubes called
bronchioles
The bronchus branches into thousands of tiny tubes called
What happens when the diaphragm contracts and moves down?
increases the chest cavity' s volume
.
avoli
What two other systems work with the respiratory system to carry out cellular respiration?
circulatory(cardiovascular) system, digestive system
required for cellular respiration
glucose such as sugars and oxygen
the products of cellular respiration
Water, Energy, Carbon dioxide
.
Oxygen, Glucose, Carbon dioxide
the waste product produced during cellular respiration
Carbon dioxide
How oxygen transported to cells throughout the body
red blood cells.
Alveoli are surrounded by
capillaries
Air moves into the lungs when the diaphragm muscle
contracts and moves down
.
contracts and moves up
.
relaxes and moves up
is the entire process by which a body obtains and uses oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide and water.
Respiration
.
Breathing
.
Exhalation
.
Inhalation
the throat is also called the
pharnyx
.
bronchus
trachea splits into two tubes called
bronchi
One ____ goes to each lung and branches into thousands of tiny tubes called ____ .
bronchus: bronchioles
.
bronchi: alveoli