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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Renaissance and Reformation Study Guide
Terms in this set (23)
What was life like before the Renaissance in medieval Europe?
Before the Renaissance, life was mainly controlled by the Catholic Church, the Holy Roman Empire, black plague, crusades, and feudalism
What did people start to question that led to the Renaissance and why were they questioning this?
They started to question the church and its power, as it controlled almost every aspect of their lives. They wanted to experience a balance between religion and life.
Is the french word for "rebirth"
What cultures were important to Renaissance thinkers?
Ancient greece and rome
Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance. Why?
It is where humanism began and developed which was the catalyst for the line of thinking. The Catholic Chruch, centered in the Vatican was also responsible fo preserving a lot of classic Roman works.
Humanism first arose in Italy as a result of the renewed interest in classical culture
Define patron of the arts
Someone who invests in the arts
Who are the Medicis? What is their importance in the Renaissance?
A rich family who ruled the city-state of Florence, which was typical during the Renaissance
What is humanism? What does it have to do with the Renaissance?
Humanists believed in the worth and potential of all individuals. They balanced religious faith with belief in the power of the mind
a philosophy that tries to balance religious faith with an emphasis on individual dignity and an interest in nature and human society
Humanists tried to put ancient ideas into practice, which was important to the revival of classical art and studies
How did the Catholic Church feel about humanism? Why?
It didn't like humanism, they felt it went against God's law and threatened their authority
Who is the most interesting person you met at the Renaissance dinner party? Describe 2 things that made that person interesting.
(this is different for everyone)
Know who Teztel was and what his famous phrase was.
Tetzel was a pato at the Roman Catholic church, he sold "indulgences" his phrase was, "As soon as a coin in the coffer rings / the soul from purgatory springs"
During the Renaissance, the Roman Catholic Church believed salvation could be achieved by doing _g________ _w_____________.
Martin Luther (and protestants) argued that the Bible says that salvation is by _f_______________ alone.
Once again, what is the Catholic Church's relationship with humanism? (See #9)
Bad relationship, they thought that humanism stripped them of a lot of their power
the Catholic Church was peoples' main source of knowledge and the Renaissance threatened that
Describe what selling indulgences was. Was it good or bad? Explain.
It was bad, it tricked and deceived desperate people who tried to scrounge up money to pay their way into God's good graces. It was entirely made up with no biblical backing
What were the purposes/promises of indulgences?
The purpose and promise was that if you paid a certain amount of money you were "absolved" of all sins and you could pay your way out of Purgatory and into Heaven
What are the 95 Theses? Who wrote them? What do they say (in general...you don't need to list all 95)?
The 95 Theses were written by Martin Luther and explode what he saw that was wrong with the Catholic church and what he demanded was changed because it was not in accordance with the Bible
What does recant mean?
to take back what was said
At the Diet of Worms, what TWO things happened to Luther?
The Holy Roman emperor, Charles V, declared Luther a heretic and forbid the printing or selling of his writings
What was the goal of early church reformers?
people who were dismayed by abuses in the Church wished to reform
What did reformers believe was the source of religious authority?
Everyday language of ordinary people
a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation (protested the abuses of the Catholic Church)
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