Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
U.S. Government Final
Terms in this set (110)
An order from the Court to the lower to send up records on a case for the Supreme Court review.
writ of certiarori
Term for the lower federal courts, under the Supreme Court.
An opinion written, that explains the decision of the court.
An opinion that is written by a justice that disagreed with the majority.
An explanation that is in agreement with the majority opinion.
What is the acceptance rate of Supreme Court cases?
Less than 1%
Judges and Justices are appointed by ___ and confirmed by ___
authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed from a lower court
The authority of trial court to be first to hear a case.
When both state and federal courts have the authority to hear a case.
Cases that can only be heard in federal courts
Why do Supreme Court Justices serve for life?
Justices serve for life so that they can remain impartial and not be swayed by constituents or interest groups
Once SCOTUS agrees to hear a case, lawyers will send in a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, relevant facts, and precedents supporting one side of a case. This is called a...
Which article of the Constitution establishes the Judiciary and Supreme Court?
The power of the court to review constitutionality of laws and actions taken by the government.
Which of the following is a case the supreme court is likely to take?
Another state court ruled differently in a similar case over fed. question
According to Justice Roberts, our system is governed by the rule of __, not the rule of__
The current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is...
In what landmark case did Chief Justice John Marshall declared a congressional act unconstitutional granting the supreme court power of judicial review?
Marbury v Madison
US District Courts have...
Rule of Four refers to..
The number of judges that must vote yes to hear a case
The Supreme Court was the only court created by the Constitution. T/F
Which article of the Constitution created the legislative branch?
RATIFICATION of an amendment requires a 3/4 vote from state legislatures which is how many states?
Which section of the Constitution outlines the duties of the three branches, explains relations among the states, defines the supremacy clause, and outlines amendment and ratification procedures?
The first 10 amendments of the constitution are called
Bill of Rights
PROPOSAL of an amendment requires a 2/3 vote from...
Both houses of Congress
What section of the Constitution states the goals and purpose of the document?
What is the term for a change to the Constitution?
How many times has the Constitution been amended (changed)?
Name the principle of the Constitution that divides the power of the national and local governments.
Name the principle of the Constitution that gives the court the power to determine whether actions by the government are constitutional.
Name the principle of the Constitution which allows the President to veto legislation, the court to rule laws unconstitutional, and for Congress to impeach a president.
Checks and Balances
Name the principle of the Constitution that holds that no government is all-powerful. Government may do only things the people/constitution have given it power to do.
Name the principle of the Constitution keeps one branch from having too much power.
Separation of Powers
Name the principle of the Constitution gives powers to the people.
Restricts quartering of troops in private homes.
Protects against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Includes protections against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and government seizure of property without just compensation. Assures the right not to be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.
Guarantees freedom of religion, speech, assembly, and press, and the right of people to petition the government.
Protects the right of states to maintain a militia and of citizens to bear arms.
Assures the right to a jury trial in cases involving the common law (the law established by previous court decisions) if more than $20.
Guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury.
The 13th amendment abolished __________.
Which amendment granted citizenship to all person born or naturalized in the US banned states from denying any person life, liberty, or property without due process of law; and banned states from denying any person equal protection under the law?
Powers not granted to the national government nor prohibited to the states are reserved to the states and to the people.
Which amendment extended the right to vote to women?
This amendment limits the president to two full terms in office.
Which amendment extended voting rights to African American males by outlawing denial of the right to vote on the basis of race, color or previous servitude?
How did the twenty-first amendment affect the eighteenth amendment?
It repealed it
Which amendment empowered Congress to levy an income tax?
Which amendment extended the right to vote to 18-year-olds in 1971?
This amendment provided for the succession of president in the event of death or incapacity and for filling vacancies in the office of vice president?
Which amendment authorized Congress to prohibit the manufacture, sale and transportation of liquor?
Identifies a political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power to make and enforce laws without approval from any high authority.
The 50 states that make up the USA are not considered independent "states". T/F
A state has supreme authority and can determine it's own policy. This is known as ...
Which type of government system is practiced by the US?
Which of the following is the best definition of the public policies of a government?
everything a government does related to public services
Society's belief in the right of a ruler or government to rule
Supreme authority to rule
The right to rule
The ability to rule
This government origin theory states that the state formed from when heads of families became the government, they settled in a territory claiming it as their own.
How does population of a state impact its stability?
When there is consensus over values and beliefs among the population, it creates stability
This government system distributes all key powers to the national or central government
This government origin Theory is based on the idea that leaders are chosen by a god (s)
This government system divides the powers of government between the national government and state, local or provincial governments
What is government?
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
This government origin theory states that states formed as a result of one person or group claiming control of a territory by force.
Government origin theory in which citizens give up some rights in exchange for protection, so long as natural rights are guaranteed
A group of people who are united by common bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes, religion
Which of the following lists the three basic powers a government must have?
legislative power, executive power, judicial power
A state's boundaries can change through purchase. T/F
ruled by one known as a king or queen.
Rule by one; self-ruler could be a king or dictator
people elect others to make decisions for them
Citizens vote directly in elections or on laws
government in which a small group holds power
One ruler that has complete control of key policies
Rule is based on God or religion
Absence of government
Rule by the people
List the four features of a state.
Territory, Population, Government, and Sovereignty
List the four purposes of government and give an example of each.
establish laws, maintain order, protect citizens, and promote the general welfare
Department that deals with national parks, Native American governments and issues, and manages and protects the nation's public lands and natural resources
Department of the Interior
Department responsible for borrowing, collecting (taxes), spending, and budgeting money
Department of Treasury
Who is the leader of the Department of Justice?
How many cabinet positions are there currently?
Department that plans and carries out foreign policy
Department of State
The first cabinet member in the line of presidential succession
Secretary of State
Department that promotes educational excellence
Department of Education
Department that develops welfare of the wage earners in the US
Department of Labor
Department that cleans up the nation's nuclear facilities
Department of Energy
Department that inspects and grades the country's food supplies
Department of Agriculture
Department that oversees highway planning
Department of Transportation
Department that oversees the military
Department of Defense
a country's relations with other nations
This English document limited the power of the king in 1215.
When the Magna Carta was ignored, this document called for it to be restored; also demanded no taxation w/out rep., & no imprisonment w/out cause.
Petition of Rights
English documents inspired the idea that no one is above the law and laws should be enforced fairly. This is known as ...
Rule of Law
In 1689, William and Mary were forced to sign...____. It demanded free elections, Right to bear arms, petition government and right to a fair trial; No excessive bails, fines or excessive punishment
English Bill of Rights
Our government is restricted by the Constitution and limits on each branch, this idea is known as...
What proposed equal representation from all states?
New Jersey Plan
This compromise stated that there would be two houses - one with equal representation and one with representation based on population.
Who feared the strong central government and opposed the constitution?
Thomas Jefferson drew ideas from this Enlightenment thinker...
In order to change (amend- not pass laws) the Articles of Confederation, __________ out of 13 states had to agree.
Who is the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?
Other Quizlet sets
WHAP Units 1-2 Review (1200-1450)
Interaction of sound and Media chapter 6
Need to Study: From Exam Attempt 1
Unit 7 Vocabulary: Islamic Empire, Afric…