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Apush unit 4 chapter 19
Terms in this set (19)
Woodrow Wilson's foreign policy that rested on the conviction that economic and political progress go hand in hand.
Panama Canal Zone
A ten-mile wide strip of land on which was built a canal; its construction drastically reduced the time it took for commercial and naval vessels to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans.
(1904) An addendum to the Monroe Doctrine that held that the United States could intervene militarily to prevent interference from European powers in the Western Hemisphere.
A foreign policy initiative under President William Howard Taft that promoted the spread of American influence through loans and economic investments from American banks.
Woodrow Wilson's idea that Americans were "meant to carry liberty and justice throughout the world."
sinking of the Lusitania
An incident in 1915 wherein a British liner was sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland.
From the German foreign secretary to the German minister in Mexico, February 1917, instructing him to offer to recover Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona for Mexico if it would fight the United States to divert attention from Germany in the event that the United States joined the war.
President Woodrow Wilson's 1918 plan for peace after World War I; at the Versailles peace conference, however, he failed to incorporate all of the points into the treaty.
Selective Service Act
Enacted in 1917; required 24 million men to register with the draft.
War Industries Board
Run by financier Bernard Baruch, the board planned production and allocation of war materiel, supervised purchasing, and fixed prices, 1917-1919.
The Espionage Act of 1917 prohibited not only spying and interfering with the draft but also "false statements" that might impede military success.
In 1918, the Sedition Act made it a crime to make spoken or printed statements that intended to cast "contempt, scorn, or disrepute" on the "form of government," or that advocated interference with the war effort.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Founded in 1910, this civil rights organization brought lawsuits against discriminatory practices and published The Crisis, a journal edited by African-American scholar W. E. B. Du Bois.
Large-scale migration of southern blacks during and after World War I to the North, where jobs had become available during the labor shortage of the war years.
Tulsa riot of 1921
A race riot that occurred in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1921, when more than 300 blacks were killed and over 10,000 left homeless after a white mob burned an all-black section of the city to the ground.
Followers of Marcus Garvey, for whom freedom meant national self-determination.
A worldwide flu epidemic in 1919 that killed between 20 and 40 million persons, including nearly 700,000 Americans.
Red Scare of 1919-1920
Fear among many Americans after World War I of Communists in particular and noncitizens in general, a reaction to the Russian Revolution, mail bombs, strikes, and riots.
The treaty signed at the Versailles peace conference after World War I which established President Woodrow Wilson's vision of an international regulating body, redrew parts of Europe and the Middle East, and assigned economically crippling war reparations to Germany, but failed to incorporate all of Wilson's Fourteen Points.
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