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Arts and Humanities
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Terms in this set (26)
What is the Mandate of Heaven
The belief in which the ruler was given the right to rule by the heavens as a whole
What type of government did the Zhou Dynasty use?
How did feudalism affect China
it caused the Zhou Dynasty to fall due to the lords losing their loyalty towards their leader and fighting with one another
What type of government did the Qin Dynasty use?
How does Legalism affect China
it caused people to not step out of line, but it also started rebellions
What type of government did the Han Dynasty use?
How did Confucianism affect China
It made the government be based off of knowledge and not money or rule
Which Dynasties built and expanded The Great Wall of China ?
Qin- Build Han-expanded
It is when a ruler gives land to a lord for an exchange of loyalty and respect
How did Shi Huangdi come to power?
Shi Huangdi came to power because he united China back together again after the Warring States Period he created a common language and weights system
Who was Shi Huangdi?
He called himself the first emperor and adapted Legalistic ideas. He ordered the terracotta army so he could go to the afterlife with an army.
How was Legalism used under Shi Huangdi
It was a very strict rule with strict punishments any books against this government system was to be burned if you were against it you were buried alive.
Why did the Qin dynasty fall?
People hated Shi Huagdi's ways and ended up rebelling against him
What are some contributions/inventions the Han Dynasty created?
They started the Silk Road, expanded the Great Wall of China, acupuncture, iron plow, seismograph, and sundial.
How did The Han Dynasty use Confucianism?
They used it by having tests for everyone to take that would be based if you were allowed a government position.
How was the Social Structure of The Han Dynasty organized?
It was organized of who did the most for China so it would be the ruler and his court then peasants because they are a big contribution to China. Merchants are at the bottom because they only work for themselves and not for the whole of China.
How did Buddhism come to China?
Cultural diffusion came into play and it spread from India to China
A system for producing and distributing goods, and services to fulfill people's wants
What was the Silk road
The longest overland route for trading it was where China could trade their highly valued goods like silk to other countries. It goes from China to Rome and Asia to Europe
What were some items traded on the silk road?
Silk and pottery was traded by China Horses and gold was traded from Rome
What areas of the world did the Silk Road Connect?
Asia, Africa, and Europe and China to Rome
What are some inventions the Chinese had?
Paper, Seismograph, Sundial, Iron plow, and acupuncture
What were some challenges people faced on The Silk Road?
Extreme weather conditions and robbers
How did the Silk Road connect areas of the world?
The Silk Road connected areas of the world from its cultural diffusion it shared different languages and different items from each neighboring culture to trade with others
What is diffusion ?
Diffusion is the movement of culture or ideas
How is culture shared today?
Culture is shared today through publicity or social media
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