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Terms in this set (20)
When a patient or resident leaves the agency without staff knowledge
anything in the patient's environment that may cause harm or injury
Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep
remove, activate, contain, extinguish
a dire situation when a person's health or life is at risk
BEFAST (Balance, Eyes, Face, Arm and Speech Test)
acronym to remember sudden signs hat a stroke can be occurring
cerebrovascular accident (stroke) when blood supply to part of brain is blocked
involuntary contractions of the muscles
walking aimlessly without direction or purpose
common sign a resident is choking
places hand around throat
Elderly are at a higher risk for injury in their environment due to:
Knee joint instability
Side effects of medications
Difficulty maintaining balance,
Impaired vision, hearing, and smell,
Slower movements and impaired touch
The NA is going to assist a patient to the wheelchair and does not know how the bed works. He/she should
Call for assistance
Understand the use of all equipment before taking care of the patient,
Tell the patient he must wait until someone can assist
The NA will do which of the following to keep the resident safe?
Report any unsafe equipment,
Make sure the signaling device is within reach, Wipe up any spills immediately, Keep the bed in low locked position when not giving direct care, Keep the temperature set at 71-81 degrees
What safety measures should be taken when a resident is on oxygen?
Post "oxygen in use" signs,
No open flames or smoking,
Be sure all electrical equipment is working properly, Turn off all electrical items before unplugging,
Use water based lubricants instead of petroleum based,
Avoid use of synthetic materials which can cause a static spark
Which of the following are true about falls?
Do not move the patient,
call the nurse, Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury among older adults
What should you do if a piece of equipment is broken?
A resident has had a stroke and is paralyzed on one side. The signaling device should be placed on his strong or weak side?
How can you help prevent a resident from choking when assisting them to eat?
Position the resident in upright sitting position , Report any difficulty chewing or swallowing, Assist resident by cutting food into smaller pieces
What is the NA's role during a seizure?
Note the start and stop time of the seizure, Loosen clothing to assist with breathing,
Apply gloves, Cradle resident's head to protect it
What should the NA do first for a conscious choking resident?
Encourage the resident to cough
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