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Dawn's Note Cards
Terms in this set (50)
Shampoo containing additives to improve tensile strength, elasticity & porosity of the hair is?
Hair comprised of two solids which are carbon & sulfur and three gasses which are hydrogen, nitrogen and _______
In the process of making a cup of hot cocoa, what would the dry cocoa represent?
Neutrons have which type of electrical charge?
Why is it sometimes recommended to add heart during the process when working with conditioners?
To open the cuticle
pH balanced shampoos are formulated to return the hair to _______ ____ _______ on the pH scale
4.5 to 5.5
On the pH scale, numbers less than 7 indicate an
Hair consists of 97% what?
Cleaning the scalp and hair and removing all foreign matter without adversely affecting either the scalp or hair is called
Which shampoo contains temporary color molecules that adhere to the outer cuticle of the hair and deposits color?
Photons have which type of charge?
Stretching the hair and having it return to its natural shape without breaking is associated with the hairs what?
Distilled water with a pH of 7 is considered
Most emulsions generally used in the cosmetology industry are classified as?
What does the manufacturer provide that is the best source of specific information about a product?
To form water is an example of a chemical change, what forms it?
Oxygen and Hydrogen
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen form the basis of?
Two or more of the same atoms joined together by a chemical bond is a?
pH is a unit of measurement that indicates whether a substance is acidic, neutral or alkaline; a value of 7 indicates a _______ substance, values below 7 indicate _______ _______, values above 7 indicate _______ _______.
below 7 indicate more acidity
above 7 indicate more alkalinity
Which bonds found in the hair can be easily broken by heat or water?
The most accurate method of measuring pH is with
A pH meter
If the pH of a shampoo is too alkaline (or too acidic), the hair fiber can?
What conditioners will penetrate into the damaged hair and deposit proteins into the cortex?
Body building conditioners
Atoms have three main parts: Protons, Neutrons, and ?
Human hair is formed by?
Linking together protein groups
What term means liquids are not able to be mixed?
Humectants are what type of ingredients?
Shampoos for thinning hair do not?
Cause damage or weigh down the hair
Surfactants contain a lipophilic and a hydrophilic part and are used to?
Remove oil from the hair
A _______ represents a mixture of 2 or more kinds of molecules, evenly dispensed
Matter with a definite weight but indefinite volume and shape is called?
pH balanced refers to a product that ranges from a pH of?
Putting a sodium hydroxide relaxer under a dryer could?
Break the critical peptide bonds and destroy the protein structure
What shampoo type is designed to treat scalp and hair problems or disorders?
Calamine lotions would fall under which cosmetic classification?
What is the side bond that is the greatest concern to the salon professional?
The oil-loving part of the surface active agent is called
Why is chlorine added to the water purification process?
To kill bacteria
An acid rinse (pH of 2-3) designed to dissolve soap scum entangle and separate hair & add sheen is a?
When 2 hydrogen atoms combine with one oxygen atom, the result is a water molecule which is a ?
Which conditioners contain a vegetable protein and are acidic, which causes the cuticle to close after an alkaline chemical service?
The simplest atomic structure is?
Which bond is the back bone of all protein molecules?
What is used for hair that has been damaged by strong alkaline shampoos, chemicals or heat styling?
When amino acids combine to form the protein of the hair they
Take on a spiraling configuration
Matter with significant weight and volume but no definite shape is called:
Atoms that are different form a
Matter with definite weight, volume and shape is known as
How far can healthy hair be stretched without breaking when wet?
A Substance that is able to dissolve another substance is called
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