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Animal Nursing Practice
Surgical and First Aid
Terms in this set (20)
What does occlusive mean in relation to wounds?
Holding moisture against a surface
What does semi-occlusive mean in relation to wounds?
Allows some moisture out
What does non-occlusive mean in relation to wounds?
Doesn't hold moisture against the skin. E.g- Gauze
What are the 4 types of handheld dental instruments?
Scaler, curette, luxator, dental forceps (all have delicate points)
What is an example of a mechanical dental instrument?
What is plaque?
Soft and yellow
What is calcified plaque?
What is asepsis?
Freedom from infection, including ALL microorganisms and spores
What is Sterilization?
The process of killing all microorganisms with the use of either physical or chemical agents
The use of a chemical agent that either kills or reduces pathogenic microorganisms on inanimate objects
drugs used to alter the activity of microbial agents in a patient
inhibits the growth of bacteria
What are the 4 factors affecting infection rates?
1. Duration of surgery
2. Operative Technique
3. Impaired resistance
4. Contamination of the wound
What are the 4 types of wounds?
clean, clean-contaminated, contaminated, dirty
What is a clean wound?
a surgical wound made into healthy tissue where there is no break in aseptic technique
What is a clean-contaminated wound?
a surgical wound made into a contaminated hollow organ with no significant break in aseptic technique
What is a contaminated wound?
a surgical wound where there is spillage from the viscus (gut bursts) or a traumatic wound less than 6hours old with minimal tissue trauma and environmental material introduced into the wound
What is a dirty wound?
a surgical wound into an area of pre-existing infection or a traumatic wound older than 6hours or a traumatic wound with significant tissue trauma and environmental material introduced. E.g- crash, dirty gravel in wound.
What is an endogenous source of contamination?
originates from within the body of the patient=most important source of infection at surgery (poorly removed by patient prep procedures)
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