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Integumentary system B
Terms in this set (27)
Name the seven functions of the skin:
protective coating, temporary storage of fat, glucose, salt and water, regulates body temperature, screensout UV rays, manufactures vitamin D, absorbs certain drugs, sensory functions
The two layers of the skin are the ... and the ...
epidermis and dermis
The epidermis has layers. The outer layer is called the .... A hard, nonliving protein called ... replaces the cytoplasm of the cells in this layer. This acts as a ... lining. The stratum corneum forms the body's ... against ....
stratum corneum; keratin; waterproof; 1st line of defense; bacteria (infection)
The inner layer of the epidermis is called the ... It has ridges called .... The purpose of the papillae is to ....
stratum gervinativum; papillae; help with grip
The stratum germinativum contains pigment in the cells called .... The melanocytes contain pigment called ... that gives color to the skin. When these cells are stimulated by ..., this caused the exposed areas to darken.
melanocytes; melanin; sunlight
Below the epidermis is the second layer called the ... This layer contains the
dermis; connective tissue, blood vessels, nerve endings, muscles, hair follicles and oil/sweat glands
Beneath the dermis is a layer called the ... layer. This is not a true part of the integumentary system. It is made up of loose .... tissue
The part of the hair that is implanted in the skin is the
The hollow tube the hair root is implanted in is called the
The visible part of the hair is called the
The outer layer of the hair shaft is the
The inner layer of the hair shaft is the
This condition occurs when normal hair is replaced by very short, transparent hair
The muscle that cause the skin to pucker around a hair when exposed to a sudden chill is the ... muscle
The medical term for sweat glands is ... glands. These are primarily found on the ... or underarm areas
sudoriferous; palms and soles of feet
The secretions from the sudoriferous glands produce an odor when they are mixed with
These glands produce oil for the skin and hair ... glands. These glands secrete oil for the skin and hair called ...
When a person has acne, oily deposits harden and ... become clogged. When the secretions cannot escape, they fill up with ...
pores; WBC (leukocytes)
A common chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands caused by overproduction of sebum is called
An inflammation of the skin that produces a rash caused by coming into contact with a substance or by stress is
A ... degree burn is superficial on the skin (i.e. sunburn).
A ... degree burn causes blisters to form on the skin.
A ... degree burn involving complete destruction of the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous layer (i.e. can be life threatening).
A type of skin cancer that may appear suddenly as a brown, irregular patch is
The primary cause of skin cancer is
A disorder of the integumentary system that causes potential infection of a newborn baby is
A condition that is contagious, causes cracks and scaling and is usually contracted in public showers or baths is
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