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Arts and Humanities
WWII in the Pacific
Terms in this set (29)
MacArthur and Nimitz
Our allied forces in the pacific greatly helped us vs japan. MacArthur is the leader of the army and Nimitz is leader of navy. They pick an island hopping campaign which begins with battle of Guadalcanal.
Elected Vice president in 1944; 33rd President, after FDR's death; led the U.S. through the end of World War II and beginning of the Cold War
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Father of the atomic bomb
America's extremely secret testing of its atomic power in New Mexico on July 16th, 1945
Executive Order 9066
2/19/42; 112,000 Japanese-Americans forced into camps causing loss of homes & businesses, 600K more renounced citizenship; demonstrated fear of Japanese invasion
Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast of the United States during WWII. While approximately 10,000 were able to relocate to other parts of the country of their own choosing, the remainder-roughly 110,000 me, women and children-were sent to hastly constructed camps called "War Relocation Centers" in remote portions of the nation's interior.
Code of Bushido
"The Way of the Warrior". Samurai Code of Conduct: Loyalty, Bravery, Honor. Those who broke the Code had to commit ritual suicide called Seppuku.
Banzai charges/kamikaze fighters
Banzai- suicidal Japanese infantry charges; knew they would get killed, but charged into enemy forces anyway. Kamikaze- missions where the pilots of planes planned to commit suicide and crashed their planes into American targets, mostly ships
The invasion of Japan that never happened.
Bataan Death March
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Also known as the Tokyo Raid, on 18 April 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on Honshu island during World War II, the first air raid to strike the Japanese Home Islands just a few months after the Pearl Harbor attack and proving to everyone that the Japanese homeland was vulnerable to an attack.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Battle of Coral Sea
Fought on May 7-8 1942; Caused heavy losses on both sides; Japanese won a tactical victory because they sank US carrier Lexington; Americans claimed a strategic victory by stopping Japan's drive towards Australia
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Establishing a landing force on a hostile shore. From water to land.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle between the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japanese navy was defeated.
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint
Battle of Okinawa
(1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives
Japanese final offense planned against USA, civilian and military brutal attack on USA soldiers, "Death before Surender"
What was the purpose and outcome of Einstein's letter to FDR?
It prompted the American government involvenment in nuclear reasearch. The letter led to the establishment of the Manhattan Project. And in the Summer of 1945, the United States had built the world's first atomic bomb.
Describe the Japanese philosophy of "Never Surrender"
Never surrender meant that the Japanese would have the desire to die or commit suicide before surrender or capture. This term dates back to Japanese's heritage where theyw ere based on Samurai warriors. Kamikaze also explained why they would never surrender. It was a war without mercy, and the US noted that their unwillingness to take prisoners in the Pacific had made it difficult for the Japanese soldiers to "surrender". They never would or else they would feel ashamed of themselves.
For the two uses of the a-bomb, be able to describe: City name, bomb name, pilot, & plane
Cities: Hiroshima; Nagasaki
Bomb names: LIttle Boy; Fat Man
Pilot: Paul Tibbets; Charles Sweeney
Plane: Enola Gay; Bockscar
What president made the decision to use the a-bombs to end the war with Japan?
Harry S. Truman
What did the USSR do two days after the first atomic bomb was dropped?
The Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
Was the Japanese surrender unconditional? Why or why not?
Yes, because the Soviet Union entered the war.
Describe the purpose & outcome of the Supreme Court case: Korematsu V. U.S.
United States, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on December 18, 1944, upheld (6-3) the conviction of Fred Korematsu—a son of Japanese immigrants who was born in Oakland, California—for having violated an exclusion order requiring him to submit to forced relocation during World War II.
In Korematsu v. US (1944), the Supreme Court ruled that in a time of great "emergency and peril," the internment of Japanese Americans was .
ESSAY: Was the U.S. justified in using the atomic bomb to end the war with Japan? Use specific evidence from the source analysis to support your claim. Cite your sources by using parenthetical citations (ie. Doc. A, Doc. B). You can also reference class notes and videos as evidence. Write a minimum of 2 well organized paragraphs.
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