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the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences. AKA Someone's knowledge of sentences and structure.
when words are combined and the rules allow for ambiguity or confusion:
The ancient history teacher or the ancient history teacher (teacher of ancient history)
Rules of syntax show (4 things)
1. Grammatical relations among words
2. order and hierarchical organization
3. how groupings of words relate to meaning
4. Produce and allow us to understand a limitless number of sentences
If a group of words can stand alone
The puppy played in the garden = " the puppy played" can stand alone
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