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Politics of the United States
Article Three: The Judicial Branch
Terms in this set (83)
The Federal Judiciary is known as the _______ of the Constitution
The Federal Judiciary's rulings ______ the rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution
The Federal Judiciary _____ and _______ the law to resolve disputes
The Federal Judiciary does not ______ the laws.
Federal judges are appointed for _____
Federal judges can be removed only by _______ and conviction by Congress of "Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes"
Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes
What are the things that a federal judge can be impeached for? (3)
President nor Congress can reduce the _____ of a federal judge.
Because President nor Congress can reduce the salary of a federal judge, decisions are free from ______ _________.
Federal courts, jurisdiction
The Constitution gives Congress the power to create ______ _____ and determine __________.
It is Congress's responsibility to determine the ______ of federal judges and where they ____.
It is Congress's responsibility to _______ the appointments of federal judges
It is Congress's responsibility to ________ the judiciary budget.
Appoints Justices with advice and consent of the Senate
The Federal Courts interact with the Department of ________
The Department of Justice is responsible for prosecuting federal crimes and ___________ the government in civil cases
Each step of the federal process is open to the _______
Court dockets and some case files are available on the _______
John G. Roberts
Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Elena Kagan, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel Anthony Alito, Sonia Sotomayor
The Supreme Courts Justices (not including the Chief Justice)
Supreme Court Justice Antonin _______
Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. ________
Supreme Court Justice Clarence ________
Supreme Court Justice Elena ________
Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader _________
Supreme Court Justice Stephen G. _______
Supreme Court Justice Samuel Anthony _______
Supreme Court Justice Sonia __________
Established two levels under the Supreme Court
Lowest court in Federal Court; aka District Court
Middle court in Federal Court
Laws created by the government
Laws created by judges when there is no law to cover a situation
Laws made by government agencies
Laws based on the Constitution and Supreme Court rulings
The accused must have a _______.
The accused have the right to be released on ______
Pay money to be released from jail before your trial
You can receive ______ from a grand jury
Just because you are accused of a crime does not mean you are ________
The grand jury examines the _______ pertaining to the case
Does not determine guilt or innocence
Federal courts and State courts
Two kinds of court systems
Hears only limited number of cases, at its discretion
The Supreme Court chooses cases dealing with important __________ issues
The Supreme Court is made up of ______ Justices and one Chief Justice
Where the Supreme Court meets
There are _____ requirements to be a Supreme Court Justice
Approves the appointed Supreme Court Justices with a majority vote
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Made segregation legal in the U.S.
Brown vs. Board of Education
An emotional plea that resulted in the outlawing of segregation in the U.S.
Psychologist Kenneth Clark
Said, "a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to ever be undone."
Represented the Brown family
First African American Supreme Court Justice
Power to examine laws and declare them unconstitutional, as in Marbury vs. Madison
Serves as the judge during impeachment hearings
Parties in a lawsuit can _____ the decision of District Court, asking a higher court to modify or reverse the decision
Federal cases can be reviewed by one of _____ Courts of Appeals that each cover a circuit or area
In a Court of Appeals, the _______ vote rules
Court of Appeals
Reviews District Court decisions
Court of Appeals judges are appointed for _____
In a Court of Appeals, a panel of ______ judges hear the case and determine if the person got a fair trial
Trial courts of the federal court system
Has jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases
The District Courts hear both ______ and _______ cases
There are ____ Federal Judicial districts
Has original jurisdiction
The authority to be the first court to hear a case and rule on it
Hears case and rules on it (in U.S. District Court)
Arrests suspects and brings them to court (in U.S. District Court)
Hear evidence in a case and determine if a grand jury is needed (in U.S. District Court)
Must prove a person is guilty (in U.S. District Court)
You are tried in federal court if you _______ the Constitution
You are tried in federal court if you ________ a treaty
You are tried in federal court if you ______ a federal law
Accuses you of a crime
You are tried in federal court if a foreign nation ______ ____ ___ ___ ________.
You are tried in federal court for crimes committed at ______.
You are tried in federal court if an ________/_________ accuses you of a crime
You are tried in federal court if you do a crime on or against _______ ________
Disagreement between _______ is tried in federal court
Determines if there is enough evidence for a trial
Determines guilt of innocence
A new participant is struggling to maintain correct form while using a 3-lb weights during a biceps curl exercise, which of these recommendations would you suggest?
What contamination causes the most disease?
what are the conversions for volume?
What is the Stimulus response model?
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