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AP Biology- Chapter 1

These vocabulary words are from the 8th Edition of Campbell- Reece BIology book
STUDY
PLAY
emergent properties
New properties that emerge with each step upward in the hierarchy of life, owing to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases.
biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth where living organisms exist
ecosystems
a specific biological community and its physical environment interacting in an exchange of matter and energy.
communities
Groups of organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
populations
consists of all the individuals of a species living within the bounds of a specified area
organisim
individual living things
organ system
two or more organs that work in a coordinated way to carry out similar functions.
tissues
groups of cells that have similar abilities and that allow the organ to function
cells
basic unit of life
organelles
specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a eukaryotic cell
molecules
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
systems of biology
an approach to studying biology that aims to model the dynamic behavior of whole biological systems
eukaryotic cell
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles; found only in the domains Bacteria and Archaea.
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics
gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
locus
the specific site of a particular gene on its chromosome
genome
the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism
negative feedback
accumulation of an end product of a process slows that process
positive feedback
an end product speeds up its production
bioinformatics
the use of computational tools to store, organize, and analyze the huge volume of data that result from high-throughput methods
domain bacteria
a domain of prokaryotic bacteria the consists of cocci, bacilli, and spirilli shaped cells organized into strepto- and staphlo- groups
domain Eukarya
domain of all organisms whose cells have nuclei, including protists, plants, fungi, and animals
domain archaea
Any of various single-celled prokaryotes genetically distinct from bacteria, often thriving in extreme environmental conditions
inquiry
the act of seeking information by questioning
discovery science
describes natural structures and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and analysis of data
data
recorded observations
inductive reasoning
making conclusions based on observed patterns
hypothesis
a tentative theory about the natural world
deductive reasoning
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case
controlled experiment
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time
theory
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations
models
diagrams, graphs, three-dimensional objects, computer programs, or mathematical equations