Cell Organelles

Organelles are the cell's "organs". They are found in Eukaryotic cells. Nuclei have two membrances and communicates with the cytosol with their numerous nuclear pores. DNA is found in the nucleus, in the chromosomes. RNA is also here. Nucleolus: Inside the nucleus, the nucleolus produces ribosome. Cytosol: Liquid matter found in cells where the organelles float in it. A lot of cell digestion. Cytosol is full of proteins that control metabolism. Such as, transduction pathways, glycolysis, intr…
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Terms in this set (...)

Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Nucleolus
This produces ribosomes and is inside the nucleus. Where rRNA is located.
Cytoplasm
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactions.
Golgi Apparatus/Golgi Bodies
Modifies or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Lysosome
Contains digestive enzymes and helps get rid of dead cells.
Chloroplast
Found only in plants. Converts sunlight energy into stored energy (glucose) via the process of photosynthesis.
Cell/Plasma Membrane
This acts as a protective barrier around the cell. Permeable, allowing some materials to come in/out.
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, releases energy (ATP) for the cell to use through the process of cellular respiration.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transport materials throughout the cell. May be smooth (no ribosomes) or rough (has ribosomes).
Ribosome
Site of protein synthesis.
Cell Wall
Serves as a barrier, protection, and structure for plant cells only.
Organelle
Small structure found inside the cell.
Prokaryote
organisms without any membrane-bound organelles in the cell. The cell still performs all the necessary functions
Eukaryote
organisms which contain membrane-bound organelles in their cells.
Cytoskeleton
Framework of the cell provides structural strength for animal cells.
Centrioles
Helps with splitting cells apart during cell reproduction. Found only in animals.