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26 terms

Law and ethics- Ch 5

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Expert witness
one whose education profession or specialized experience qualifies him or her with superior knowledge of a subject
Res ipsa loquitur
(the thing speaks for itself) evidence showing that negligence by the accused person my be reasonably inferred from the nature of the injury occurring to the plaintiff
Proximate cause
that which in any natural and continuous sequence unbroken by any intervening cause produces injury
Nonverbal communication
communication with someone using body language
Ethical
conforming to professionally proper behavior
Adversary
opponent
Defensive medicine
a practice by some physicians of ordering every battery of medical tests and procedures known to search out a definite diagnosis so as not to be accused of falling to practice zealously
Suit prone
apt to start a suit or to be the object of a suit
Sanction
a penalty imposed for violating law or accepted procedure
Peer review
a review by persons with similar professional qualification
Pharmacopoeia
a book officially listing medical drugs
Sociological
pertaining to human social behavior
Burnout
exhaustion from overwork
Contributory negligent
conduct by a plaintiff that is below the standard to which he or she is legally required to conform for his or her own protection
Grossly negligent
failing intentionally to perform a necessary duty in extraordinary disregard of the consequences to the person neglected particularly if it can be proven that there is more than 50 percent chance the negligence caused an injury
Insurance
a contract binding a company to compensate someone for proven damages or injury caused by the party who has paid premiums in the contract
Product liability
a tort making a manufacturer liable for compensation to anyone using its product if damages or injuries occur form defects in that product
Malfunction
defective performance of a product
Patent defect
a malfunction easily discovered upon examination of a product.
latent defect
a defect not apparent by reasonable inspection
Consumer
one who buys products or services
Invitee
a person who enters property for business as a result of express or implied invitation
License
a person who enters property with implied permission of the owner
Trespasser
someone who enters a property illegally
Reasonable Care
acceptable degree of care under certain circumstances
Affirmative Duty
responding to an incident in a predetermined manner