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Expert witness

one whose education profession or specialized experience qualifies him or her with superior knowledge of a subject

Res ipsa loquitur

(the thing speaks for itself) evidence showing that negligence by the accused person my be reasonably inferred from the nature of the injury occurring to the plaintiff

Proximate cause

that which in any natural and continuous sequence unbroken by any intervening cause produces injury

Nonverbal communication

communication with someone using body language


conforming to professionally proper behavior



Defensive medicine

a practice by some physicians of ordering every battery of medical tests and procedures known to search out a definite diagnosis so as not to be accused of falling to practice zealously

Suit prone

apt to start a suit or to be the object of a suit


a penalty imposed for violating law or accepted procedure

Peer review

a review by persons with similar professional qualification


a book officially listing medical drugs


pertaining to human social behavior


exhaustion from overwork

Contributory negligent

conduct by a plaintiff that is below the standard to which he or she is legally required to conform for his or her own protection

Grossly negligent

failing intentionally to perform a necessary duty in extraordinary disregard of the consequences to the person neglected particularly if it can be proven that there is more than 50 percent chance the negligence caused an injury


a contract binding a company to compensate someone for proven damages or injury caused by the party who has paid premiums in the contract

Product liability

a tort making a manufacturer liable for compensation to anyone using its product if damages or injuries occur form defects in that product


defective performance of a product

Patent defect

a malfunction easily discovered upon examination of a product.

latent defect

a defect not apparent by reasonable inspection


one who buys products or services


a person who enters property for business as a result of express or implied invitation


a person who enters property with implied permission of the owner


someone who enters a property illegally

Reasonable Care

acceptable degree of care under certain circumstances

Affirmative Duty

responding to an incident in a predetermined manner

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