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History Exam Review!
Terms in this set (63)
what did the united states do in response to Japan's aggressive actions in the Pacific in the 1930's?
The United States imposed an embargo on shipping war goods and petroleum products to Japan.
why was "appeasement" a popular policy?
because European leaders wanted to avoid another war.
what did the invasion of Poland cause?
Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany in 1939.
what did Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 prove?
that he would consistently break war agreements.
what is the best definition of "blitzkrieg"?
a rapid invasion by air and land.
What is a kamikaze?
a pilot who loaded his aircraft with bombs and deliberately crashed into an enemy ship.
why did the allies attack civilization and military targets in japan?
they attempted to demoralize the Japanese population.
why did US government officials publish posters?
to rally support for american involvement in WW2.
who was known as "the father of modern China"?
After the civil war in china, where did the Nationalists go?
the island of Taiwan.
why were people sent to "re-education camps" in china?
to become communists.
The "Four Modernizations" helped China focus on what?
industry, defense, agriculture, and science.
why did the Cultural Revolution in China fail?
People began to question communism.
Hungary held its first free elections after....
the Communist Party dissolved itself.
One negative effect of the end of communism in Czechoslovakia was...
Slovakia suffered economically.
what happened when the European Nations formed?
nations began to cooperate on law enforcement.
why does the European Union affect the rest of the world?
because it provides humanitarian aid to people in developing countries.
what is the best word to describe the period known as the Cold War between the US and USSR?
What treaty did the US congress refuse to sign?
the SALT (strategic arms limitation talks) treaty.
after the collapse of the USSR, what did Russia struggle with?
transitioning into a market economy.
why did the US support the mujahedeen?
because they were trying to overthrow communists.
what is the best word to describe the support the US gave to South Vietnam?
why did the Soviets face greater resistance then anticipated from the mujahedeen?
because the US offered training and provided weapons to them.
Read the passage from a speech by Winston Churchill.
"An iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe . . . all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow [the Soviet capital]." -Winston Churchill, March 5, 1946.
what is Churchill saying?
the soviet union has taken control of the countries of central and eastern europe.
how did West Berlin get supplies when the Soviets blockaded them?
The US organized an airlift to send them supplies.
did the Korean peninsula change after the Korean war ended in 1953?
No, the peninsula remained unchanged.
What does détente mean?
relaxation of tensions
what happened when the western allies created west Germany as a nation?
the soviet union responded by establishing a blockade of west Berlin.
what was the main objective of "proxy wars" against the soviet union?
to spread democracy.
After détente was abandoned, the U.S. president believed that the Cold War could be won by...
outspending the Soviet Union on weapons.
why did European nations build up their military forces, form alliances, and expand colonial holdings?
to maintain a "balance of power"
the best description of bloody Sunday in Russia is...
Russian soldiers fired on a group of peaceful protesters.
why was the name of saint petersburg changed following the Russian revolution?
to celebrate the leader of the Bolsheviks now in power.
Read the message below from the Russian tsar to his cousin, the German kaiser. "An ignoble [not noble] war has been declared to a weak country. The indignation [outrage] in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity as a European war I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far." - Telegram from Tsar Nicholas II to German Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1914
The tsar's message before WWI is describing his fear that Russia will be forced into war by forces outside his control.
What were the MAIN causes of World War I?
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
The signing of the treat of Versailles organized peach between who?
Germany and the Allied forces.
what did the use of German submarines cause?
the sinking of passenger liners.
why is world war one referred to as a "total war"?
Why did European nations (around 1900s) built up their military forces, formed alliances, and expanded their colonial holdings?
to maintain a "balance of power"
The best description of the events of Bloody Sunday in Russia in the early 1900's was...
when Russian soldiers fired on a group of peaceful protestors
Why was the name of the city of St. Petersburg changed following the Russian Revolution?
to celebrate the leader of the Bolsheviks now in power
At the end of World War I, who did the signing of the Treaty of Versailles organize peace for?
Germany and the Allied forces
Read the message below from the Russian tsar to his cousin, the German kaiser. "An ignoble [not noble] war has been declared to a weak country. The indignation [outrage] in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity as a European war I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far." - Telegram from Tsar Nicholas II to German Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1914. What was he describing?
The tsar's message before WWI is describing his fear that Russia will be forced into war by forces outside his control
What were the main causes of World War I?
Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and alliances
The use of submarines by Germany during World War I resulted in...
the sinking of passenger liners
Why is World War I is referred to as a "total war"?
to describe the war efforts needed from the country to have as many as possible to participate in the war effort
What was The "spark" that set off World War I?
the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian Nationalist
What did the withdrawal of Russia from WWI enabled Germany to do?
focus its efforts on the Western Front
How did The Treaty of Versailles help pave the way for the Nazi party?
to help them gain control of Germany by creating resentment and anger among the German people
Why were the German people angry at German leaders after World War I?
for losing the war to the Allies
A leader of a totalitarian government is best described as being...
What often happened at "show" trials during the Great Purge in the USSR?
suspects confessed to crimes they could not have possibly committed
American Brokers tried to sell stocks...
but no one wanted to buy them when stock prices began to fall in the United States
Why did Japan invade Manchuria in 1931?
Japan wanted raw materials and natural resources
When did Germany first began to aggressively expand their military?
in the 1930s
The following were ways that Nazi rule impacted the lives of German people:
Nazi propaganda was shown to children, the media was censored to promote only Nazi ideology, and intense nationalism and shows of patriotism were widespread
By June of 1940, Hitler had already done the following:
he had conquered Norway, pushed Allied forces out of France, and he had invaded the Netherlands
Most of the Central powers' colonies after World War I became...
League of Nations mandates
What did the Nuremberg Laws identify a Jew as?
someone who had Jewish ancestors
What were ghettos?
segregated communities for the Jewish (used throughout European history)
The following were negative aspects of Joseph Stalin's first Five-Year Plan:
shortage of consumer goods, waste and inefficiency, and use of enslaved laborers
What did President Roosevelt do to spur US recovery after the Great Depression?
enacted numerous relief and welfare programs
How does a Communist system differ from a democracy?
in a Communist system, a single political party controls the government and in a democracy, the people can elect officials from different parties
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