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History Civil Rights movement
Terms in this set (43)
Martin Luther King & the Civil Rights Movement. In 1954, the Civil Rights movement began with the ____________________________________________
decision, but the rest of American society remained ____________________________.
Brown v BOE, segregated
The NAACP showed that the _________ Amendment could be used to challenge segregation.
Civil rights leaders continued the fight for _______________________ until segregation came to an
end in 1965.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott. In 1955, __________________________ arrest for disobeying an Alabama law requiring segregation
on city buses sparked the _________________________________________ Boycott.
Rosa parks', Montgomery Bus
Minister Martin Luther King, Jr. organized a 381-day ____________ of the bus system to protest
The boycott led to the ___________________________ of city buses & to the rise of
__________________ as the leader of black civil rights.
The success of the Montgomery Bus Boycott led MLK to form the
_____________________________________ Conference (SCLC) in 1957.
Southern Christian Leadership
The SCLC was formed to use activism & ________________________ protest to bring an end to
The SCLC soon overtook the ______________________ as the leading civil rights group in
Activism Through Non-Violent Protest. __________________________ non-violent approach inspired other
groups to act.
Martin Luther King's
In 1960, students from NC A&T led a _______________ at a segregated lunch counter in
The "sit-in" movement led to the _________________________________ Coordinating
In 1961 "_________________________________________" rode ________________ throughout
the South to test whether integration orders were being enforced.
Freedom Riders, buses
Freedom riders faced arrest & __________________ but exposed the lack of enforcement of
desegregation laws in the Deep South.
In 1963, MLK organized a march to integrate Birmingham, Alabama. ______________________ was considered the "most segregated city in America".
MLK's strategy was to ________________ segregation through ________________ marches, rallies, &
Birmingham Police commissioner _________________________ used violence to suppress the
During the march in Birmingham, MLK was ______________________.
While in jail, MLK wrote an open __________________ called "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"
in response to white leaders who believed King was pushing __________________________
towards civil rights.
letter, too fast
Civil Rights Act of 1964 & the Voting Rights Act of. The Birmingham march was a __________________________ in the Civil Rights movement.
_____ reports of the violence in Birmingham made it difficult for average Americans to __________
Public outrage over police brutality forced Birmingham officials to
Events in Birmingham revealed the need for greater action by the
Among those watching the violence on TV was President
____________________________________________ who committed to a national civil rights act to
John F Kennedy
In 1963, civil rights leaders led a March on ______________________ to pressure Congress to pass a civil
__________________ people assembled in Washington DC to hear speakers including MLK.
MLK delivered his "________________________" speech about a future without prejudice or racial
I Have a Dream
The Civil Rights Act of 1964. By 1963, the momentum of the civil rights movement caused President Kennedy to draft a
_________________ bill that would _____________________ all segregation.
civil rights, outlaw
But, before the law could be _________________, President Kennedy was
___________________________ in November 1963.
VP ___________________________________ assumed the presidency & pushed the bill through
The law outlawed __________________________________ based on race, religion, & gender &
ended most ___________________________ laws.
discrimination, Jim Crow
The law _________________________ restaurants & hotels & gave the
_____________________________ power to sue businesses that failed to comply with the law.
integrated, Justice Department
Voting Rights, Freedom Summer, & March in Selma. Despite the success of the Civil Rights Act, African American leaders were not satisfied because the
law did not protect ______________________________.
Southern state governments used ____________ tests & _______ taxes to restrict black citizens
In most Southern states, less than half of eligible African Americans were
______________________ to vote.
Civil rights leaders responded with new initiatives to bring voting rights. In 1964, white & black college students took part in
_____________________________________________ to help register African American voters in
In 1965, __________ organized a march in ________________, Alabama to protest voting
Police _____________________ at Selma convinced President Johnson to push for a new federal
After the Selma march, LBJ signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965: Banned _____________________________ & sent federal voting officials into the South to protect
_______________________________________ & turnout increased among black citizens.
African Americans elected black ________________________ for the 1st time since Reconstruction
The Civil Rights movement of the 1950s & 1960s finally brought an end to segregation. African Americans brought an end to segregation and gained
true voting rights
The Civil Rights movement inspired other ____________________________________________ to
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