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Arts and Humanities
Old Testament Final Exam Dr. Greer
Terms in this set (146)
to reproduce a text close to the original
What is the goal of textual criticism?
What is the dominant geographical feature in Egypt?
Who invented the earliest known form of writing?
What is the earliest form of writing?
In what language was the OT originally written?
Tel or Tell
What to archeologists call a mound formed through repeated periods of inhabitation?
As part of the process of producing an English translation, what do scholars produce after they collect and work various copies of the original manuscripts that are available?
Torah 400 BC, Nebi'im 200 BC, Kethubim 100 BC
What are the divisions in the Hebrew canon?
Not set out to prove the bible, just searching truth about ancient cultures.
What is the goal of archeology in relation to the bible?
Original documents to the scripture, 5: The event, The story, The Reinterpretation, The History, and Collection, Preservation, and Interpretation
What are autographs?
How many OT autographs are in existence that we know of?
Nation, Blessing, Lord
What promises were included as part of God's covenant with the patriarchs?
Jacob, son of Isaac and Rebekah
Which of the characters in Genesis was the husband of two sisters, Rachel and Leah, and their two servants?
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph
Who are the four major patriarchs that dominate the book of Genesis in their correct order?
What special day do the Jewish people celebrate to commemorate the deliverance of the Hebrews from Egypt?
What other Ancient Near Eastern creation account has similarities to the creation account found in Genesis?
Worshiping a golden calf
What were the rest of the Hebrews doing while Moses was on top of Mount Sinai receiving the law from God?
Made in God's image.
According to Genesis 1, what distinguished humanity from the rest of the animals?
Cain killed Able.
Due to the lingering effects of Adam and Eve's rebellion, which son murdered whom?
Whom did choose when he God acted to begin restoring humanity from its crisis by blessing him so that the rest of the world might be blessed through him?
Except of physical death, it was a death from his relationship towards Christ.
By what term is the death that Adam experienced upon his act of rebellion best explained?
At what mountain did Moses see the burning bush and then return with the Israelites to receive the law?
To show God's power to Egyptian gods and Pharaoh king.
What was the purpose of the plagues that Moses and Aaron brought upon Egypt?
What was the name that God revealed to Moses at the burning bush meaning "I am who I am" and translated in English translations as LORD?
It's the day Jewish people perform a supreme act of atonemnent for sin.
What was the Day of Atonement?
Who was Moses' brother who became the first of high priest of Israel?
What was the name of the portable tent where the LORD was to be worshipped by the Israelites?
What happened at Kadesh Barnea?
Sea of reeds
To what does the Hebrew phrase yam suph refer?
God told him to take him to the top of mountain and kill his son Isaac. Abraham did not hesitate and took him to the top and before he was going to kill him, God stopped him. Showed Abraham's faithfulness.
What was Abraham told to do with his son, Isaac? What happened?
No because theory says that one day lasted years.
Must someone who truly believes the Bible to be the Word of God accept that the earth was created in six literal days less than 10,000 years ago? Why or why not?
To give them guidelines and rules.
Why did the LORD give Israel the law?
His brothers sold him to slavery and he was taken to to prison. He eventually helped the king interpret dreams and save Egypt from famine. His family eventually moved to Egypt and they acquired nations and blessings, but were looking for land.
What all happened to Jacob's son Joseph?
Obey = blessed, disobedience = cursed
According to the book of Deuteronomy, what were the implications if Israel obeyed the law and if they did not obey the law?
What judge told the general Barak that Israel's victory would go to woman?
Which book of the Pentateuch casts a long shadow over the rest of the Old Testament?
Which judge promised to give a sacrifice to the Lord if the Lord granted him victory? (Unfortunately, the sacrifice turned out to be his own daughter.)
Who took over leadership of Israel after Moses died?
Joshua split the Jordan River, reminded the people of Moses splitting the Red Sea.
What happened early in Joshua's leadership that contributed to Israel's confidence in Joshua as a leader like Moses?
Sent spies to checkout Ai and only sent a few troops because they trusted the spies and not God. Achan's sins, loss of 36 Israelite soldiers and stealing gold and silver.
Why was Israel defeated the first time at Ai?
Corruption worsens and the quality of Judges demolish.
How might the book of Judges best be described?
Israel had no king, so no rules so did whatever they wanted.
What did the narrator of Judges indicate was one of the main problems with the Israelites?
Nazorite by birth; moron my deed - super strength
How is Samson portrayed by the narrator of the book of Judges?
David and Samuel
What two figures do the Scriptures indicate to be God's answer to the corruption detailed in Judges?
Who was Israel's first king?
What characterized David's response to the Lord's promise that his descendants would have an enduring presence on the throne of Israel?
He wanted to build a temple, but God wouldn't let him. Solomon built it.
What did David desire to do, but was not allowed to do, and that his son eventually did?
God speaks through Nathan and tells David you are the man that stole the lamb and convicts David.
What story did Nathan share with David when he confronted him about his sin against Bathsheba and Uriah?
Trouble within your own household and death of the child
What were the consequences of David's sinful acts involving Uriah and his wife?
You are that man!
What did Nathan say in response to David's anger about the story Nathan told him?
He danced and act a fool
How did David respond when the ark was brought into Jerusalem?
To what city did David move his capital city from Hebron?
Solomon is born to David and Bathsheba
What did God provide for David as a demonstration of his grace following David's sin and the immediate consequences of that sin?
Wholly Devoted, Humility, Ruled with Righteousness, Repented when Wrong.
What quality or qualities made David a "man after God's own heart?"
In what year did Samaria fall and Israel cease to be a nation?
What nation destroyed the northern kingdom?
In what year did Jerusalem fall, the temple burn to the ground, and the period of Judah's exile begin?
What nation conquered the southern kingdom?
shows God to be slow to anger, but that God will by no means ignore the guilty
What is the main message of Nahum?
For what did Solomon ask the Lord and receive from him?
Who was the chief of Solomon's forced labor who was promised ten tribes by the prophet Ahijah and later became the first king of Israel?
He was mean and had high taxes.
What did Rehoboam do that so angered the people that the kingdom of Israel split into two?
The foreign wives turned Solomon heart to other gods- God said to not marry foreigners.
What was the problem associated with the one thousand women in Solomon's harem?
Jeroboam and Rehoboam.
Into what two kingdoms did Israel split following the reign of Solomon?
Golden calves were placed in the northern kingdom causing people to sin
What did Jeroboam have set up in Dan and Bethel that proved harmful to Israel?
Idolatry, Social Injustice, and Religion Ritualism
What were the three things about which the prophets consistently criticized the people (i.e., the prophetic indictment)?
The baby story
What story in 1 Kings demonstrated Solomon's wisdom and amazed the people?
Trusting that the Lord will provide and the Assyrian king will die
In what desperate situation did Hezekiah and Judah find themselves to which Isaiah challenged him not to fear?
Which of the Prophets powerfully illustrates the Lord's deep love for his people?
What four-fold picture from the prophet Isaiah did Jesus himself and the New Testament writers indicate was fulfilled in the person of Jesus?
It was what they did what they pleased
Throughout its history, how might the northern kingdom Israel's relationship with God be characterized?
What idealized prophet held a contest on Mount Carmel against the prophets of Baal?
What role or roles did the prophets of the Lord serve in relation to the kings of Israel and Judah?
All kings were part of David's dynasty
What did all of Judah's kings share in common?
Who was the priest and scribe who led the Jews to renew the covenant following their return from exile?
What did Ezekiel frequently employ in sharing his prophetic message (for example, the model of Jerusalem and food cooked over poop)?
repentance, a judgment, future blessings
What was the three-part prophetic message?
The releases of exiles, the people could go as please, but they had to pay taxes and stay under his rule.
What did the Decree of Cyrus say?
When he was successful he become to prideful led to his downfull, then go leprosy.
Though King Uzziah accomplished great things as king, in what did his pride in his accomplishments result?
What was discovered during Josiah's reign while the temple was being repaired?
Who was the Babylonian king who led the assault against Judah and destroyed the temple?
Jeremiah said settle in and you'll be here for a while.
What counsel did Jeremiah give to the exiles in Babylon?
The Glory of God left the temple, and the temple will fall.
In Ezekiel's second vision, what happened to the presence of God?
The temple will not save you
What did Jeremiah the prophet declare to the people of Judah about the temple while standing at the gates of the temple? The temple will not save you
In what places were Jewish communities established during and following the Babylonian exile?
In general the people were cynical and apathetic
For what did Malachi rebuke the people of Israel with regards to their sacrifices? They were cynical and pathetic.
Questions the lord.
What characterizes Habakkuk's dialog with God?
Completed the second temple
What did the Jewish people accomplish under the leadership of Zerubbabel and Joshua? .
Led in the rebuilding of Jerusalem's walls.
What did the Jewish people accomplish under the leadership of Nehemiah?
Vindication ( in the right) of God and light of the theological problems raised by suffering.
What does theodicy seek to explain?
What do the teachings of Proverbs represent, norms or universals? What's the difference?
The character and work of the Lord, namely expressed in his creation
In what is OT wisdom rooted?
What is the dominant medium employed by OT poetry?
What is the dominant structural feature of OT poetry?
Which OT wisdom book "sets the rules" against which the others are exceptions?
God is testing Job and his friends tell him to confess and Job says I have nothing to confess.
What happens to Job that leads him and his friends to dialogue?
What is the general message of Job's friends?
The story that hidden deepen meaning.
What is an allegory?
Sex is good and pleasurable in right when enjoyed within the marriage context.
What is the general subject matter of the Song of Songs?
I have done nothing wrong!
What is Job's response to his friends?
Call to humility and obedience.
What is the pervasive theme of Ecclesiastes?
Song of Songs
Which wisdom book is often regarded to be an allegory?
Do right and work hard = success. Do wrong and be lazy = failure.
What are the two general rules reflected in Proverbs?
Even when bad things happen to good people for no apparent reason, trust in God.
What is the lesson from the book of Job regarding why bad things happen to good people?
Wisdom is better than foolishness "life is hard. Its harder if your stupid" What one does matters because it matters to God
How does the conclusion function in interpreting Ecclesiastes
Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greece
What nations, in correct order, impacted the Jewish people of Palestine?
Greek translation of the Hebrew bible
hat is the Septuagint (LXX)?
What Seleucid ruler strongly antagonized the Jewish people?
What term refers to the spread and adoption of Greek religion and culture?
He built an altar in the holy place and sacrificed a pig
What egregious thing did Antiochus IV to do greatly outrage the Jewish people?
Literature is dedicated to uncovering God's behind scenes working through a heavenly messenger to suppress people with imagery to provide hope.
What is apocalyptic?
Because apocalyptic literature.
Why do scholars debate the dating of Daniel?
Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece
Who were the four nations (in order) who exerted control over the area of Palestine from the 8th century B.C. into the 2nd century B.C.?
Cyrus the Great
Who was the Persian king who issued the decree releasing Jewish exiles to return to their homeland?
What is the term used to describe Jewish people who resided in places outside of Palestine, their homeland? Jews of the __________ (or ___________ Jews)
Who was the Persian king who was ruling in the story of Esther?
Alexander the Great
Who was the Greek leader who led the Greeks to "liberate Greek city-states" and conquer the Persian empire?
The spread of Greek beliefs across the land
What does Hellenization mean?
Is Alexander mentioned by name in the Bible?
What is the name given to Alexander's successors?
Ptolemies and the Seleucids
Which of the Greek dynasties had an impact on the Jewish people during OT times?
Which of the Greek dynasties initially ruled over Palestine?
High taxes and tight control, but didn't push their beliefs on them
What characterized the Ptolemaic rule of the Jewish people?
The Jewish high priest
Whom did the Ptolemaic rulers employ as a liaison between themselves and the Jewish people?
Who was the Seleucid leader who won control of Palestine?
He made big changes outlawing a lot of what the Jews practiced.
What was Antiochus IV's approach toward Hellenization?
What did "Epiphanes" mean?
Outlawing circumcision and the practice of Jewish religion
What egregious thing did Antiochus IV do to greatly outrage the Jewish people?
When the Greek translation of the Bible happened
What is the Septuagint (or LXX)?
The last section
In the Hebrew canon, of what are Ruth, Esther, and Daniel a part?
Levirate marriage custom, man supposed to marry his brother's wife if she becomes a widow, to keep the family line going.
What custom is an important background feature for understanding the book of Ruth? What did this custom entail?
The mother of Ruth's deceased husband
Who was Naomi?
She goes with Naomi
How did Ruth end up in Bethlehem?
He marries Ruth
What role did Boaz play in the story of Ruth?
God provides a leader through a faithful virtuous foreigner
What is the (or at least a key) point of the book of Ruth?
In which OT book is God not mentioned?
She was pretty
How does Esther come to be the queen of Persia?
He reported of the assassination plot
What did Mordecai do that eventually resulted in his acquiring a prominent place in the Persian empire?
Jew hater, prime minister
What was Haman's role in the story of Esther?
She exposed Hamans's plot
How did Esther save her people?
God works to save his people
What is the point of the book of Esther?
Use of unusual imagery to provide hope. Revolution, Daniel, Ecclesiastes
What is apocalyptic? Which OT book contains a large portion of apocalyptic?
High position, he was smart.
What role did Daniel have in the Babylonian and Persian governments? How did he achieve those roles?
God is sovereign and will overcome human evil. Sovereign = In control
What is the main theme of the book of Daniel? What does "sovereign" mean?
Faithfulness through difficult times, God is the hero, Pride goes before the fall
What are three recurring themes in the book of Daniel?
Fire and lions den
From what were Daniel's three friends delivered for their faithfulness to God? From what was Daniel delivered for his faithfulness to God?
Some thought it was written in the 2nd century, some through it was 6th
Why is the dating of the book of Daniel debated?
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