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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Islamic Golden Ages and Renaissance
Terms in this set (20)
Islamic Golden Age
period of 750 years when Islam contributed greatly to med., science, philosophy, and architecture
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351
Effects of the Black Death
Large increases in wages and prices throughout Europe and millions of people in Southern Europe died
Effects of the Crusades
• cultural diffusion between Europeans & Muslims
• trade between Europe and Middle East
House of Wisdom in Baghdad
Large Islamic-based Library and learning center. Focus of conversion of Greek and Roman classics and Indian learning into Arabic. Preserved knowledge.
led to cultural diffusion; mostly traded through seas; wanted to trade because Muhammad was a merchant; and increase in trade means an increase in technology(ships)
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
Italian Renaissance artist who sculpted the Pieta and the David, and painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
(1386-1466) Sculptor. Probably exerted greatest influence of any Florentine artist before Michelangelo. His statues expressed an appreciation of the incredible variety of human nature.
Leonardo da Vinci
A well known Italian Renaissance artist, architect, musician, mathemetician, engineer, and scientist. Known for the Mona Lisa.
-maybe the most famous Renaissance author
-wrote the Prince in 1513
-talked about how a ruler should keep trying to gain and always maintain his power
-humanist with a pessimistic view of humanity
-Humans are selfish
(1564 - 1616) English poet and playwright considered one of the greatest writers of the English language; works include Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet.
-the heightened emphasis on education, knowledge, exploration of individual potential, dedication to getting back to the classical style
-you cannot have renaissance without humanism because it is the force that gives the art its function to get to get back to classical way of life
-pursuing art and knowledge betters a person and the people around them
Johannes Gutenberg and the printing press
- A German printer who cast letters of the alphabet in lead, making it possible to arrange them into words; the press was a movable type invented in Gutenberg; the first book produced around 1456 was the Bible
Impact: reboost to literature
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