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53 terms

NTMD 5030 Final

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Restores health and regulates the spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical harmony of the body by keeping the flow of qi and forces of yin and yang in balance.
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Benefits of Oriental Medicine
conducts electromagntic signals, releases endorphins, modulates and improves immunity, reduces pain and inflammation, reduces blood pressure, reduces body temperature, modifies meurotransmitters, modulates hormones
Diet therapy: for heating, eat...
for cooling, eat ...
for tonifying, eat ...
for moistening, eat ...
for drying, eat ...
(for heating, eat ) spicy foods and meat
(for cooling, eat ) watermelon and cucumber
(for tonifying, ) eat meat broths
(for moistening, eat ) asparagus and watermelon
for drying, eat ) crackers and chips
"Medicine and Food are the Same"
Neijin, the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine
Which herb is used during moxibustion?
Artemisia
What is one reason that you would not want to use moxibustion?
if the patient has a lot of heat you should not use moxibustion
Tui Na
in between massage and Rolphing
uses manipulation and massage
What happened between 421 and 221 BC?
Gold needles and silver needles found; Nan Jing Book of Difficult Questions: five element theory, eight extra meridians
What happened between 305 and 204 BC?
The Nei Jing, Yellow Emperor Classic of Internal Medicine: discussed anatomy, physiology, diagnosis, pathology, yin yang, syndromes, zang fu, needles and techniques
What happened in 1950?
Chairman Mao Zedong united Traditional Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine. Acupuncture was established in hospitals.
When did acupuncture become more accepted in the U.S.?
in the 1970s
Philosophy of the Dao
moderation
living in harmony with nature
striving for balance
Shen
Spirit, consciousness, soul, wisdom, will
vital substances
qi, blood, Jing (essence), Jin Ye (body fluids)
Jing
vital substance: essence
Jin Ye
vital substance: body fluids
Qi
vital force, energy (use and actualization)
What are types of Qi?
congenital, acquired (exercise and foods), reproductive, essential
What are actions of Qi?
activate, warms, defense, transforms, contains
What are disorders of Qi?
depletion (too much exercise), qi stagnation (can cause pain), counterflow (can cause belching), fall
xue
blood
Blood (xue)
mother of qi, moistens and nourishes organs and tissues, nourishes the shen, governed by the heart, managed by the spleen, qi moves the blood
xue disorders
depletion, blood stasis, blood heat (blood stagnation can cause blood heat - may cause acne)
Jing (Essence)
kidney essence, stored potential, reproduction and regeneration, inherited and acquired, regulates growth and development
Jing-shen
jing-shen (essence and spirit) = vitality
Jing disorder
reflects on the kidney depletion
jin
precious liquid (yang)
lighter weight fluids on flesh and mucus membranes: sweat, saliva, urine, breast milk
ye
humor (yin)
thicker fluids in organs, brain and bones: synovial fluid, CSF
Jin Ye
liquid and humor
protects, nourishes, lubricates
qi moves the Jin Ye
Jin Ye disorders
depletion, swelling, phlegm
If Jing and Qi are filled, ....
Shen will be intact
If Shen is disturbed, ...
Jing and Qi will be consumed and impaired
if Jing and Qi are deficient, ...
Shen will be prone to restless
The Relationship of Mind, Body, Spirit: The Three Treasures
Jing, Qi, Shen
Eight Principles
Yin and Yang
Deficient and Excess
Cold and Hot
Interior and Exterior
Yin forces/aspects
dark, moon, water, passive, descending, female, contracting, cold, winter, interior, heavy, bone, front, interior of body
Yang forces/aspects
light, sun, fire, active, ascending, male, expanding, hot, summer, exterior, light, skin, back, exterior of body
Eight Principles: Deficient
Chronic/lingering
pale, weak, thin, cold, yin
Eight Principles: Excess
acute/sudden
robust, strong, obesity, heat, yang
Therapeutics for Deficient
tonify - gentle exercise, meat in diet, botanicals: ginseng and goji berries, warming hydrotherapy compresses
Therapeutics for Excess
purge - vigorous exercise, fruits and vegetables in the diet, botanicals: passiflora and gentian, cold hydrotherapy compresses and colonics
Eight Principles: Hot
flushed/sweaty, fever, irritability, inflammation, constipation, dry, yang
Eight Prinicples: Cold
pallor, chills, dull, cold limbs, diarrhea, clear urine, yin
Therapeutics for Hot
yin foods (fruits and vegetables), botanicals: peppermint and aloe, cold hydrotherapy compresses
Therapeutics for Cold
Yang foods (meats and garlic), botanicals: cinnamon and ginger, heating hydrotherapy compresses
Eight Principles: Exterior
superficial, affects the skin, lungs, muscles
external pathogen, acute diseases, injuries of environment
Eight Principles: Interior
deep, affecting the meridians, organ system disease, chronic diseases, injuries of lifestyle
meridians
Qi that flows between the skin surface and the internal organs, along channels or pathways
how many meridians are there?
12 major and 8 minor
Zang Yin
Lung, spleen, heart, liver, kidney, pericardium
Fu Yang
large intestine, stomach, small intestine, gall bladder, urinary bladder, San Jiao (triple burner)
Zang organs ...
produce, transform, regulate and store the four substances
Fu organs ...
break down and absorb the food that will transform into the four substances and excrete the used