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14 terms

Philosophical Terms

STUDY
PLAY
EXISTENTIALISM
man is responsible for his own actions; existence is more
important than essence
EPICUREANISM
pleasure is highest good and pain is greatest evil
STOICISM
accepts status quo; indifference to pleasure or pain
POWER PHILOSOPHY
might makes right
DARWINISM
evolution caused by natural selection; survival of the fittest
NATURALISM
EMPIRICISM
all events can be explained by natural causes and scientific laws
EMPIRICISM
all knowledge comes from what can be perceived by the senses
SOCRATIC METHOD
method of teaching that uses discussion and questioning to reach a logical solution foreseen by the instructor
FREE WILL
doctrine that conduct of the individual is the result of personal choice, not divine forces or fate
ROMANTICS
characterized by idealism, emotion, passion; celebrates freedom of spirit and common man
ENLIGHTMENT
faith in human reason and skepticism for inherent truths
PREDETERMINATION / PREDESTINATION / FATALISM
belief that individual‟s actions are preordained by fate or divine guidance; no free will
HUMANISM
system in which human interests, values, dignity predominate
UTILITARIANISM
greatest good for greatest number