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man is responsible for his own actions; existence is more
important than essence
pleasure is highest good and pain is greatest evil
accepts status quo; indifference to pleasure or pain
might makes right
evolution caused by natural selection; survival of the fittest
all events can be explained by natural causes and scientific laws
all knowledge comes from what can be perceived by the senses
method of teaching that uses discussion and questioning to reach a logical solution foreseen by the instructor
doctrine that conduct of the individual is the result of personal choice, not divine forces or fate
characterized by idealism, emotion, passion; celebrates freedom of spirit and common man
faith in human reason and skepticism for inherent truths
PREDETERMINATION / PREDESTINATION / FATALISM
belief that individual‟s actions are preordained by fate or divine guidance; no free will
system in which human interests, values, dignity predominate
greatest good for greatest number