Junior Cert Geography - Primary Activities (2)
Terms in this set (35)
What are the advantages of Oil
cleaner than coal, high energy content, provides income to primary producer
Effect of Oil production in Saudi Arabia
Good health service, rich country, good transport and communications, leader of OPEC.
Name 2 Irish GAS fields
Corrib and Kinsale
Name 2 sea areas off Ireland where oil or gas might be discovered
Kish basin, Porcupine basin, Slyne Trough, Rockall Trough, Donegal Basin
how do Oil companies find oil ?
Get license to drill in a block, drill and analyse rock for oil or gas, if positive use test oil rigs, if enough oil/gas, go into production.
Advantages of oil for Ireland
Increased employment, national income would improve, increased investment in infrastructure and services
DIS- Advantages of oil for Ireland
risk of pollution, prices might rise, oil refineries would impact environment.
What type of resource is PEAT
Name and describe two types of peat bogs
Raised and blanket
What are the 4 stags of peat processing?
Drain, Harvest, Transport, processing and Marketing
3 Uses of peat
Produce electricity, Briquettes for burning, Fertiliser (Moss peat).
Advantages of Peat production
Employment, reduces dependence on fuel imports, provides source of national income, can be converted to farmland.
Name the State company that manages peat
Bord na Móna
What are the three stages in the Farming system
Input, processes, output
What are Farming inputs
raw materials used by farmers
What are Farming processes
Raw materials undergo a change before becoming an output.
What are Farming outputs
Outputs are the finished products
Name 3 types of farming
Arable or tillage, Pastoral, Mixed
What is arable farming
Growing crops such as wheat and barley
What is pastoral farming
Animal farming producing wool, leather, meat, milk etc;
What is mixed farming
a combination of pastoral and arable farming.
Give 5 natural factors that influence the type of farming in Ireland
Rainfall, tradition, topography, viability, distance from markets, soil quality
What is topography
This is the shape of the terrain (hilly, flat)
What is viability
Can you make money from it, is it commercially viable.
What is tradition
Do the same thing your predecessors did
how does rainfall influence farming
some crops cannot grow in areas of heavy rainfall, they need periods of relatively dry weather.
What grants do farmers get
Headage, CAP, REPS
What is the C A P
Common Agricultural Policy payments from the EU guarantee farmers a certain price for products
What are headage payments
A grant is given for each animal on the farm.
What are R E P S
The Rural Environmental Protection Scheme pays farmers to protect the environment.
Name 5 farming inputs
Climate, Land, Labour, Stock, Farm buildings, Farm machinery, Fertilisers, Capital
Name 3 farming processes
(Arable) Ploughing, Sowing, Harvesting, (Dairy) feeding, milking, breeding, (Pastoral), Fattening,
Name 3 farming outputs
(Arable) vegetables, cereals, straw, (Dairy) Milk, calves, waste, (Pastoral) Beef, Lamb, Wool, Pigs
Give three reasons for the depletion of Irish fish stocks
Overfishing aided by bigger boats, better transport and refrigeration.
What is run off
"Run Off" occurs when fertiliser is drained into rivers and waterways to the detriment of aquatic life
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Human Geography- Unit 10 (Agriculture)
AP Human Geography Unit 4 - Agriculture
HG Terms Chp. 11
aphug unit 6
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Leaving Cert Irish Conversation Vocab
Junior Cert - History Reformation Terms
Junior Cert History - WW2 Terms
Junior Cert - WW1 Terms
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Junior Cert - Geography - Economic Activity Definitions
Junior Cert Geography
Junior Cert Geography
Climates Junior Cert Geography