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Health Science 1 Final Exam
Terms in this set (96)
What is one effect of aging in the endocrine system?
How many breaths do you breath a minute?
What's a thrombus?
What is anemia?
Deficiency of red blood cells
What color are arteries?
What color are veins?
What do white blood cells do?
Act as antibodies that fight infection
The mechanical portion of external respiration is referred to a?
Excess secretion of plural fluid results as...
The major regulator of respiration is a carbon dioxide in the..
The left lung has an indentation for the heart called the...
The largest laryngeal cartilage and is commonly called the Adams apple
What are the two stages of breathing?
inhalation and exhalation
A condition resulting from not enough oxygen reaching the cells:
The large air passages in the lungs which pass inspired and exhaled waste gases are the...
A respiratory disorder characterized by constriction of the bronchioles excessive production of mucus and difficult breathing
The structure at the end of the bronchial tree where the exchange between oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs is the...
Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the
What does CPR stand for
cardiac pulmonary resuscitation
What is external respiration?
Ability to get oxygen into the lungs
What is internal respiration?
Transferred through the bloodstream
What is cellular respiration?
When the blood carries oxygen to the cells
What is Eupnea?
What are affects of aging in the respiratory system?
Lung tissue loses elasticity
What are the lungs separated by?
Mediastinum and the heart
What is the slippery membrane that covers the lungs?
What is the collapse of a lung called
What is the double walled sack around the heart?
What is the myocardium?
The cardiac muscle layer
What is the endocardium?
Inner layer of the heart
When returning blood to the heart the blood goes through...
Superior and inferior vena cava , and right left pulmonary veins
Carrying blood away from the heart the blood goes through...
The pulmonary veins and the aorta
The digestive system converts nutrients into...
What is the longest portion of the alimentary tract?
Food is propelled from the esophagus into the stomach by...
A fish-shaped organ that secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon
Throughout this contest center are microscopic, fingerlike projections known as...
A sphincter that is located at the upper end of the stomach where the esophagus joins the stomach
What are the three sections of the small intestine
Duodenum, jejenum, and ilium
The small organ on the inferior surface of the liver that stores and concentrates bile
Name at least three accessory organs of digestion
Pancreas, liver, tongue, oral cavity, stomach, intestines, and salivary glands
This is made from a movable mucus fold and separate the mouth from the nasopharynx
The adult mouth has how many teeth
The terminal end of the alimentary tract is the
The majority of the absorption of nutrients occurs in the
What is the passageway for both the digestive and respiratory system
The muscular tube that conducts food from the fairings to the stomach
What filters the blood, stores vitamins, and secretes bile
Inflammation or infection of the gums
Presence of pouch like herniations through which the muscular layer of the colon characterized by rectal bleeding
A condition of liver deterioration marked by the buildup of scar tissue
A condition often brought on by stress that results in diarrhea or constipation
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
A gallstone formed in the gallbladder
Inflammation of the liver
A viral infection that causes swelling of the parotid salivary gland
An enlarged, abnormally dilated vein of the anal canal
Inflammation of the stomach and intestine
Results of stomach acid escaping into the esophagus
What is the fluid part of the blood
How many pints of blood are in the body of an adult
8 to 10
Name the four blood groups
A, B, AB, O
How many days do red blood cells live
What is an incurable genetic disease causing red blood cell defects
Sickle cell anemia
Results in excessive production of immature white blood cells
A condition in which the RH factor of the mothers blood and that of her newborn are not compatible
What is the formation of blood cells
Formation of blood cells are produced in
Blood from a universal donor
The prothrombin in the blood clotting process depends on
What's the process of clotting
What's the color of oxygenated blood
If you don't have enough platelets in your blood what happens
You can bleed out
What are functions of the blood
Transport, regulation, protection
What is an appendage
Anything attached to a larger or major part
The outer nonvascular layer of skin
A fatty oil secretion of the sebaceous glands
What is your body's first line of defense
Noncontagious common disorder of the sebaceous glands
Development of malignant skin cells
What do nerve receptors do
Heat, cold, pain, and touch
What are some functions of the integumentary system
Covering, regulate body temperature, nerve receptors, storage, and absorbs
The vascular layer of skin
What is the layer underneath the dermis
The subcutaneous layer
What are three appendages
Hair, nails, and sweat glands
Painful bacteria infection of the hair follicles or sebaceous glands
What are some examples of aging skin
More fragile and dry, loss of elasticity, less effective body temperature, wrinkles
Secretion of hormones
Located at the base of the brain behind the nose and is also called the master gland
The ovaries produce the hormone
Located on top of each kidney
Located in the interior part of the neck secrete hormones
For glands attached to the surface of the thyroid
And endocrine gland and lymphatic organ
The sex organs
Located behind the stomach and secretes pancreatic juices
A gland attached to the brain that produces the hormone melatonin
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