Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (11)
· inventionists Theorists who argue that the period of adolescence is mainly a social invention.
· But according to the inventionist view, adolescence as we know it in contemporary society did not really exist until the Industrial Revolution of the mid-nineteenth century
· Inventionists point out that the redefinition of adolescence as a time of preparation rather than participation also suited society's changing economic needs
· child protectionists: Individuals who argued, early in the twentieth century, that adolescents needed to be kept out of the labor force in order to protect them from the hazards of the workplace.
· Today It was not until the late nineteenth century—little more than 100 years ago—that adolescence came to be viewed as it is today: a lengthy period of preparation for adulthood, in which young people, in need of guidance and supervision, remain economically dependent on their elders.
· The intentional creation of scars on some part or parts of the body, often done as part of an initiation ceremony. ( modern its body riturals of piecing and makeup)
Age of majority
o The designated age at which an individual is recognized as an adult.
· The formal induction of a young person into adulthood.
o Once an adolescent is designated as an adult, she or he is also subject to a new set of laws.
o Period of training and preparation for adulthood
Female genital mutilation/Female circumcision
o female genital mutilation: The cutting or removal of the clitoris, performed in some cultures as part of the initiation of female adolescents. No associated health benerfits and carries many risk makes it impossible for them to have orgasm during sex
Juvenile justice system vs the criminal justice system
· juvenile justice system: A separate system of courts and related institutions developed to handle juvenile crime and delinquency.
· criminal justice system: The system of courts and related institutions developed to handle adult crime.
· A violation of the law that pertains to minors but not adults.
· The process through which an individual's position or status is redefined by society.
o age of majority The designated age at which an individual is recognized as an adult.
o a series of events that often occur over a relatively long time.
o Around 15/16
Two very important dimensions along which societies differ in the process of social redefinition are in the explicitness, or clarity, of the transition and in the smoothness, or continuity, of the passage
A group of individuals born during the same general historical era.
· Proponents of this idea contend that the period from ages 18 to 25 is neither adolescence nor adulthood, but a unique developmental period in its own right, characterized by five main features:
o the exploration of possible identities before making enduring choices;
o instability in work, romantic relationships, and living arrangements;
o a focus on oneself and, in particular, on functioning as an independent person;
o the feeling of being between adolescence and adulthood;
o the sense that life holds many possibilities.
· Does not exist in all cultures only a few
· the majority of people, emerging adulthood is generally one of positive and improving mental health
· But suicide rates are twice in uoung adults
Continuous and Discontinuous transition (be able to identify the differences between these two perspectives on development)
· continuous transitions: Passages into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into gradually. ( ex kids who grow up working on the farm have a continuous transition into adult work roles)
· discontinuous transitions Passages into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into abruptly.
· In contemporary Society: Transitions into adulthood in contemporary society are more discontinuous than in other cultural or historical contexts.
· Passage into adult citizenship and decision-making roles is also highly discontinuous in contemporary Western society.
· The high level of discontinuity found in contemporary America is not characteristic of adolescence in traditional societies. Exampla Samoan
· As several writers have pointed out, modernization and globalization have made the transition from adolescence to adulthood longer and increasingly more discontinuous all over the world
· On average, individuals are living with their parents longer today than in recent years.
Sets found in the same folder
Ch 1 Ado
Other sets by this creator
People high in ______ are responsive to others' social and interpersonal cues. agreeableness self-efficacy self-esteem emotional intelligence external locus of control
Television shows often mirror social changes. Sometimes, these changes have not yet reached the mainstream culture. What role do you think television has in changing society? Do you think its influence is more positive or negative?
Match terms a-e with the numbered example. a. cooperation b. conflict c. social exchange d. coercion e. conformity. Employees are forced to work overtime or be fired.
What do you think is the most significant latent function schools perform? Consider the advantages and disadvantages.