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Terms in this set (40)
Most animals are heterotrophs but a few have the ability produce energy without ingesting or absorbing food.
Which of the following is not true regarding animals?
D All of the above are true regarding animals
Animals with ____ symmetry are generally active and exhibit cephalization, the development of a head.
____ genes are highly conserved genes that are important in regulating embryonic development in animals.
Based on cell structure in sponges, the morphological evidence suggests that animals share a common ancestry with ____.
Which of the following animals exhibits radial symmetry?
During development in deuterostomes, the blastopore become the ___ of the animal.
Which of the following cell junctions help prevent leakage of extracellular fluid between neighboring cells?
A tight junctions
Which of the following tissues would be found lining the kidneys tubules?
B simple cuboidal epithelium
Only cardiac muscle cells have striations.
Which type of connective tissue helps hold organs in place?
E loose connective tissue
Positive feedback loops typically help organisms maintain to homeostasis.
Which part of the neuron is responsible for receiving signals from other neurons?
You measure body temperature of desert animals at 7 am and again at 2 pm. Your data are these. Which animals is most likely endothermic?
Animals that consume other animals as well as plants are categorized as ____.
Those nutrients that are considered essential nutrients as part of an animals diet ____.
B cannot be synthesised by the animal
Vitamins are organic molecules that are required in small amounts as part of animals diet.
Animals that live in or on their food source are called ____ feeders.
An animal with ____ has a single opening through which food is ingested and waste is excreted.
B a gastrovascular cavity
Which of the following is NOT considered an accessory gland of the mammalian digestive system?
In the stomach, ___ secrete inactive pepsinogen which is later activated to pepsin when mixed with hydrochloric acid.
A chief cells
Chyme from the stomach first enters the _____ of the small intestine where digestive juices and enzymes are secreted.
Canines are the type of teeth that are primarily used for grinding and crushing food.
In addition to its role in digestion, this organ also detoxifies drugs and is a storage site for iron and vitamins.
The primary function of the gallbladder is to _____.
B store bile
Which organ functions in the reabsorption of water and is colonized by various species of bacteria?
B large intestine
Which of the following is an adaptaion of birds to aid with digestion?
C the presence of stones in the gizzard to help with mechanical food breakdown
The hormone _____ maintains blood glucose homeostasis by increasing blood glucose.
Which of the following is not true about the endocrine system?
D hormones travel in the body to a specific location
In ____ signaling, the secreting cells release chemical messengers that target nearby cells.
Steroid hormones, including testosterone and estradiol, are synthesized from ____.
Light/dark cycles regulate the release of melatonin from the ____.
B pineal gland
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease that causes the destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas.
All of the following are anterior pituitary hormones EXCEPT _____.
D antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Which of the following is NOT true regarding the regulation of the thyroid hormone?
D calcitonin targets the thyroid gland
Which of the following is NOT an effect of epinephrine as part of the fight or flight response?
A conversion of glucose in glycogen for storage
Which of the following is true regarding the long term stress response?
C glucocorticoids are produced in the adrenal cortex
The production of _____ is necessary for the regression of a tadpole tail during frog metamorphosis.
B thyroid hormone
The function of ____ is to decrease blood calcium levels.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a tropic hormone?
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