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PHIL 1301 Chapter 5 - Law
Terms in this set (10)
Law is an ordinance of reason, made by him who has care of the community, for the sake of the common good, and promulgated.
A law that is not the product of reason is a perversion of law.
The divine law is necessary because no human being could ever have access to the natural law without receiving the divine law first.
The natural law is man's participation, through the exercise of his reason, in God's providential ordering of the universe.
Man's ultimate end, salvation, can be known by man's unassisted reason, fully independent of divine revelation.
All human action aims at some good (real or perceived).
According to St. Thomas, God built into mankind a determinate nature which exhibits four basic inclinations: self-preservation, procreation and rearing of offspring, living in society, and knowing the truth about God.
For St. Thomas, "good" and "evil" have nothing to do with following our natural inclinations, but are rather purely a matter of personal, subjective preference, so that what's "good" for you may not be "good" for me.
Human law is the application of the precepts of the natural law to specific matters.
Human law is fully capable of judging a person's motives, feelings, and conscience.
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