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Politics of the United States
Government Fall Exam
Terms in this set (42)
Describe the executive powers of government.
List the ideas promoted by the "social contract" theory.
Popular sovereignty, limited government, and individual rights.
What is popular sovereignty?
Consent of citizens
What resulted from these weaknesses of the Articles of the Confederation?
Economic and political instability in every state
What did the smaller states fear during the framing of the Constitution that led to a series of compromise proposals?
They were worried that the larger states would have greater representation in Congress and would dominate the government
Describe the concept of separation of powers.
Basic powers are distributed among three distinct branches of government
List the methods of proposing a formal constitution amendment.
It may be proposed by a 2/3 votes in each house of Congress and be ratified by 3/4 of state legislatures. It may be proposed by Congress and then ratified by Conventions in 3/4 of the states. It may be proposed a national convention called by congress at request of.
This map shows the 3 types of colonial government that were established in 1775. How did the government of Connecticut differ from the one in north carolina?
In Connecticut, the colony was self governing. in North Carolina, colony was subject to direct comtrol of the crown.
In 1999, President Clinton used his executive powers to send troops to the Yugoslav Province of Kosovo. Considering that only Congress can declare war, how did President Clinton able to send troops into combat without such a declaration?
As the commander in chief, Clinton used his power to make an informal amendment without Congressional Approval
The constitution delegates powers to the National government, powers to the States, and powers that both have. Which of the following belongs in the shaded area of the venn diagram that illustrates the division of powers?
What type of grant was has rules (strings) attached by the federal government?
a fugitive from justice in one state is captured in another another state.According to the laws of extradition, what will happen to this person?
the fugitive will be returned to the state that has the jurisdiction over the crime
what clause of of the constitution states that has no state can draw unreasonable distictions between its own residents and those persons who live in other states?
Privilages and immunities clause
what was the first national government of the united states?
second continental congress
What does the constitutional principle of judicial review mean?
the power of a court to determine the constitutionallty of a governmental action
which set of words best completes this sentence? Although the united states is a democracy, americans lived in a _____,in which multiple groups interact and share political power.
Why are political parties considered a vital link between the people and their government?
they are considered the principal means by which the will of the people is made known to the government.
why should the major political parties be concerned about a strong minor party candidate on the ballot for president?
minor party candidates can pull a large number of votes from either party causing an upset
to whom does the constitution give the power to set franchise qualifications,and what has been done with this power in the years since then?
it gives the power to the states and this power has greatly expanded growth of the american electorate
list the reason for voter registration
to prevent frauaelent voting
the civil rights act of 1964 continued a pattern established by earlier civil rights legislation that emphasized...
judicial action to overcome racial barriers and the use of federal court ordered injuctions
if someone has no sense of political efficacy,how would this affect his or her voting behavior?
the person lacks any sense of his or her own influence or effectiveness in politics so the person probably would not vote.
if you wanted to run for president of the united states,but you did not win a party's endorsement, what could you do to keep yourself in the running?
announce yourself as a candidate for president
what is the main role of a precinct election board
to supervise the polling place and the voting process
why is a straw vote highly unreliable?
it falsely assumes that a large number of responses will provide a fairly accurate picture of public opinion.
what impact does the mass media have on public agenda?
it focuses the publics attention on specific issues.
about 300,000 physicians belong to the american medical association (AMA) how would you classify /describe this group
the ama is an economic professional interest group that impacts public policy for the welfare of the profession and its members
work within the governmental process to affect politics
List the reasons why the framers of the constitution set up a bicameral legislature
They are familiar with British form of government, which had two houses, to settle conflict b/w larger and smaller states. They favored a congress with two houses in order that one house might act as a check on the other
Harold Ford Jr.
Threw a 25th bday party
Y is senator's term in office different than that of a representative's?
Senators terms are longer so they can be staggered therefore a majority of senators is always experienced.
Circle Graph. How does racial and ethnic diversity differ between house and senate?
The house was hispanic and african american reps but senate had none
How do circle graphs of the 107th congress illustrate this fact?
They show that most members are white over 40 and male
How does constitution differ in powers it gives to congress to tax and borrow?
Limits congress's power to tax but no limits on borrowing
What powers does congress and president share
What is implied power expressed over necessary and proper clause in constitution?
Congress can make any law that is deems appropriate
What non-legislative action has the senate performed only in the presidencies of Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton?
Voted to acquit
What feature of the position of speaker of the house makes it a more powerful position than that of president of the senate?
Speaker is elected presiding officer and the leader of the majority party
Who's job is to sift through and decide the fare of the bills?
If bill receives congressional approval by both house and senate why does it not immediately become a law?
President has the option to sign or veto it or allow it to become law without signing it within 10 days
List the federal crimes specifically mentioned in constitution?
Counterfeiting, treason, and piracy
As directed by article 1 of constitution when are congresiional seats reapportioned?
Following each presidential election
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