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Chapter 14 Quiz
Terms in this set (18)
A government fort in Charleston Harbor that the south refused to resupply unless they gained control of the fort. The place in which the first shots of the Civil War were fired (April 12th, 1861).
North v. South Advantages/Disadvantages
Northern advantages include: (1) An extensive railroad network (2) A strong industrial base (3) A superior navy (4) A larger population (5) An abundant supply of food. Southern advantages include: (1) A defensive war fought on its home territory (2) A long coastline that would be difficult to blockade (3) An important cash crop in cotton (4) A group of experienced and skilled military commanders (5) A close economic relationship with Great Britain. Northern disadvantages are: (1) A shortage of experienced and skilled military commanders (2) A divided population that did not fully support the war. Southern disadvantages are: (1) Smaller population than the North (2) Smaller industrial base than the North.
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865. He believed that slavery was essential to the South and held that it should expand into the territories without restriction. From the beginning, he lacked the power necessary for a strong government because the southerners believed in states rights.
New York Draft Riots
Occurred in July 1863 just after the Battle at Gettysburg. Mobs of Irish working-class men and women roamed the streets for four days until federal troops suppressed them. They loathed the idea of being drafted to fight a war on behalf of slaves who, once freed, would compete with them for jobs.
A vocal group of Northern Democrats who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates. They opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War.
Series of laws passed by federal government designed to liberate slaves in seceded states. It authorized Union seizure of rebel property and stated that all slaves who fought with Confederate military services were freed of further obligations to their masters. Virtually emancipation act of all slaves in Confederacy and allowed the president to use the freed slaves in the Union army.
Lincoln delayed issuing "blank" because he didn't want to antagonize slave owners in the Border States. The North originally went to war to preserve the Union. The "blank" strengthened the Union's moral cause. It rallied anti-slavery support in England and France. It did not free slaves in the Border States. It freed only the slaves in Confederate states that were still in rebellion. The thing to remember is that it did not actually free a single slave. Slavery was legally abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment.
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude. Completed the work of the Emancipation Proclamation.
The first African American Regiment formed in the Union Army. It successfully defended Fort Wagner.
Launched the American Red Cross in 1881. An "angel" in the Civil War, she treated the wounded in the field. She transformed nursing into a profession of trained, middle-class "women in white".
Robert E. Lee
He was an American soldier, who refused Lincoln's offer to head the Union army and agreed to lead Confederate forces. He successfully led several major battles until his defeat at Gettysburg, and he surrendered to the Union's commander General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse. Although he opposed slavery and secession, he chose to stay loyal and side with the Confederacy after his home state became a part of the Confederacy.
Ulysses S. Grant
Became a commander General of the Union Army. He successfully led major battles including the end of the Civil War at Appomattox Courthouse.
William Tecumseh Sherman
He was a Union General who introduced the principle of total war in "the march to the sea." He destroyed crops, towns, and farms everywhere he went.
The union forces wanted to capture this city in order to control the Mississippi River. General Ulysses S. Grant surrounded Vicksburg and bombed it for a month. The people and Confederate soldiers starved until they surrendered. After this victory, England stopped the delivery of their warships and France cancelled a navy deal with the Confederacy. This was a decisive battle in the American Civil War for the Union.
Battle of Gettysburg
The battle that occurred in July of 1863. The Union Army under General Meade defeats Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. One of the bloodiest battles of the war, considered to be the turning point of the war, and marks the farthest advance of the Confederate Army into northern territory.
A speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War. He supported the ideals of self-government and human rights.
Sherman's March to the Sea/ Total War
In September 1864, General William Sherman's army captured Atlanta and began marching toward Savannah on the Georgia coast, where he burned cities, killed civilians, and destroyed crops. His march to the sea was designed to defeat the enemy's forces, destroy its economic resources, and break its will to resist. He coined a term that meant that war involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court house, located in a town in Virginia.The results: the Civil War is over after 4 years, Union preserved, and the slaves were free. Grant allowed the Confederates to keep their arms and return home.
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