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24 terms

CC Cycle 3 English Grammar

Classical Conversations Foundations cycle 3 English grammar
STUDY
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wk 1: Infinitive
An infinitive is "TO" + VERB used as a noun, adjective, or adverb
wk 2: Present Participle
A present participle is a VERB + -ING used as an adjective or a verb.
wk 3: Past Participle
A past participle is a VERB + -ED used as an adjective or a verb.
wk 4: Principal Parts of a Verb?
Principal parts of a verb (5): infinitive, present, past, present participle, past participle
wk 5: to be
INFINITIVE: to be
PRESENT: am, are, is
PAST: was, were
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: be, being
PAST PARTICIPLE: been
wk 6: to do
INFINITIVE: to do
PRESENT: do, does
PAST: did
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: doing
PAST PARTICIPLE: done
wk 7: to rise
INFINITIVE: to rise
PRESENT: rise(s)
PAST: rose
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: rising
PAST PARTICIPLE: risen
wk 8: to raise
INFINITIVE: to raise
PRESENT: raise(s)
PAST: raised
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: raising
PAST PARTICIPLE: raised
wk 9: to lay
INFINITIVE: to lay
PRESENT: lay(s)
PAST: laid
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: laying
PAST PARTICIPLE: laid
wk 10: to lie
INFINITIVE: to lie
PRESENT: lie(s)
PAST: lay
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: lying
PAST PARTICIPLE: lain
wk 11: to set
INFINITIVE: to set
PRESENT: set(s)
PAST: set
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: setting
PAST PARTICIPLE: set
wk 12: to sit
INFINITIVE: to sit
PRESENT: sit(s)
PAST: sat
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: sitting
PAST PARTICIPLE: sat
wk 13: to beat
INFINITIVE: to beat
PRESENT: beat(s)
PAST: beat
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: beating
PAST PARTICIPLE: beaten
wk 14: to break
INFINITIVE: to break
PRESENT: break(s)
PAST: broke
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: breaking
PAST PARTICIPLE: broken
wk 15: to write
INFINITIVE: to write
PRESENT: write(s)
PAST: wrote
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: writing
PAST PARTICIPLE: written
wk 16: to shake
INFINITIVE: to shake
PRESENT: shake(s)
PAST: shook
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: shaking
PAST PARTICIPLE: shaken
wk 17: to go
INFINITIVE: to go
PRESENT: go, goes
PAST: went
PRESENT PARTICIPLE: going
PAST PARTICIPLE: gone
wk 18: Subject [of a sentence]?
The subject is that part about which something is being said.
wk 19: Predicate [of a sentence]?
The predicate is that part which says something about the subject.
wk 20: Phrase / Clause ?
A PHRASE is a group of words that does not contain both a subject and a verb, and may be used as a single part of speech.
A CLAUSE is a group of words that does contain both a subject and a verb.
wk 21: Independent Clause
An independent clause expresses a complete thought like a sentence.
wk 22: Subordinate Clause
A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone (also known as a dependent clause).
wk 23: Sentence Structures (types)
4 Sentence Structures: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-complex.
wk 24: Sentence Patterns (types)
7 Sentence Patterns:
1) S-V / subject-verb
2) S-V-DO / subject-verb-direct object
3) S-V-PN / subject-verb-predicate nominative
4) S-V-PA / subject-verb-predicate adjective
5) S-V-IO-DO / subject-verb-indirect object-direct object
6) S-V-DO-OCN / subject-verb-direct object-object complement noun
7) S-V-DO-OCA / subject-verb-direct object-object complement adjective