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auditory ossicles

the small bones of the middle ear


the external part of the ear


the snail-shell-shaped organ in the inner ear where sound is converted to nerve impulses and sent to the brain


a drug that reduces swelling inside the nose for easier breathing

ear wax

the substance secreted by glands in the skin of the outer ear canal


pain in the ear


the lower part of the external ear


the flap of cartilage that covers the trachea while swallowing

Eustachian tube

the tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx

external auditory canal

the narrow tube where sound enters the ear; also known as the ear canal

hearing impairment

loss of hearing


an abnormally deep and harsh voice

inner ear

the part of the ear which converts air vibrations and information about balance into nerve impulses; also known as the labyrinth


inflammation of the larynx


endoscopic procedure to look at the larynx


the bone that forms the lower jaw

middle ear

the part of the ear which adjusts the body to external air pressures, and transmits eardrum vibrations to the inner ear; also known as the tympanic cavity

nasal congestion

the condition when air flow is restricted in the nose; also known as stuffy nose, stuffed nose, or blocked nose

nasal septum

the wall running down the middle of the nose


one of a pair of openings in the nose

obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

a disorder where there are small gaps in breathing during sleep

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear


an instrument to look inside the ear

outer ear

the part of the ear that collects vibrations in the air and makes the eardrum vibrate; also known as the external ear


the roof of the mouth

parotid gland

one of a pair of salivary glands that is below and in front of the external ear


endoscopic procedure to look at the nasal passages

runny nose

the condition when fluid escapes from the nose


the production of saliva

semicircular canal

the three tubes in the ear concerned with balanced


inflammation of the sinus


the sudden and reflex action where air escapes from the mouth and nose due to irritation of the mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract


the loud noise made when people breathe in during sleep

sublingual gland

one of a pair of salivary glands that is below the tongue


noise in the ears such as ringing, buzzing, or roaring


the lymphoid tissue in between the mouth and pharynx


removal of the tonsil/s


making an opening in the trachea

tympanic membrane

it is the membrane in the ear canal between the outer and the middle ear; also known as the eardrum


the feeling that you or your surroundings are spinning around

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