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40 terms

NU ENT (1st yr)

STUDY
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auditory ossicles
the small bones of the middle ear
auricle
the external part of the ear
cochlea
the snail-shell-shaped organ in the inner ear where sound is converted to nerve impulses and sent to the brain
decongestant
a drug that reduces swelling inside the nose for easier breathing
ear wax
the substance secreted by glands in the skin of the outer ear canal
earache
pain in the ear
earlobe
the lower part of the external ear
epiglottis
the flap of cartilage that covers the trachea while swallowing
Eustachian tube
the tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
external auditory canal
the narrow tube where sound enters the ear; also known as the ear canal
hearing impairment
loss of hearing
hoarseness
an abnormally deep and harsh voice
inner ear
the part of the ear which converts air vibrations and information about balance into nerve impulses; also known as the labyrinth
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
laryngoscopy
endoscopic procedure to look at the larynx
mandible
the bone that forms the lower jaw
middle ear
the part of the ear which adjusts the body to external air pressures, and transmits eardrum vibrations to the inner ear; also known as the tympanic cavity
nasal congestion
the condition when air flow is restricted in the nose; also known as stuffy nose, stuffed nose, or blocked nose
nasal septum
the wall running down the middle of the nose
nostril
one of a pair of openings in the nose
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
a disorder where there are small gaps in breathing during sleep
otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear
otoscope
an instrument to look inside the ear
outer ear
the part of the ear that collects vibrations in the air and makes the eardrum vibrate; also known as the external ear
palate
the roof of the mouth
parotid gland
one of a pair of salivary glands that is below and in front of the external ear
rhinoscopy
endoscopic procedure to look at the nasal passages
runny nose
the condition when fluid escapes from the nose
salivation
the production of saliva
semicircular canal
the three tubes in the ear concerned with balanced
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinus
sneezing
the sudden and reflex action where air escapes from the mouth and nose due to irritation of the mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract
snoring
the loud noise made when people breathe in during sleep
sublingual gland
one of a pair of salivary glands that is below the tongue
tinnitus
noise in the ears such as ringing, buzzing, or roaring
tonsil
the lymphoid tissue in between the mouth and pharynx
tonsillectomy
removal of the tonsil/s
tracheostomy
making an opening in the trachea
tympanic membrane
it is the membrane in the ear canal between the outer and the middle ear; also known as the eardrum
vertigo
the feeling that you or your surroundings are spinning around

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