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Arts and Humanities
The Cold War
Terms in this set (25)
the attacks, often unsubstantiated, by Senator Joseph McCarthy and others on people suspected of being Communist in the early 1950s.1
(1945-1991) The period after the Second World War marked by rivalry and tension between the two nuclear superpowers, the United States and the communist government of the Soviet Union. The Cold War ended when the Soviet government collapsed in 1991.
French word meaning an easing of tensions between the world's superpowers during the Cold War
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
Joint effort by the U.S. and Britain to fly food and supplies into West. Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city hoping to starve the W.Berliners into accepting Soviet leadership
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
A military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
..., North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
the competition between the USSR and the USA regarding achievements in the field of space exploration.
During the Cold War, the boundary separating the Communist nations of Eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe.
Cuban Missile Crisis
A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba; one of the "hottest" periods of the cold war.resident John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island;
(1950-3) A conflict between UN forces (primarily US and S Korea) against North Korea, and later China; Resulted in Korea remaining divided at the 38th parallel.
Viet Nam War
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
President Eisenhower's belief that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
The practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
Name for the u.S. and Soviet Union after World War II because we were the two strongest countries in the world.
1945 meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt in which the leaders discussed plans for the post-war world and Stalin promised to allow free elections in Eastern Europe. The breaking of this promise led in part to the Cold War.
35th President of the United States. Was in office during the Bay of Pigs Invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis and the building of the Berlin Wall.
..., This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
Strategic Arms Limitations Treaties; worked to reduce arms during the Cold War
Stalin's sucessor; ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
Star Wars System
US President Reagan's proposed defensive system made up of satellites armed with lasers
A U.S. policy, announced by President Harry Truman in 1947, of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents.
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