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Arts and Humanities
Cold War Vocabulary
Terms in this set (20)
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
imaginary boundary line that divided Europe into Western Europe which had political freedom, while Eastern Europe was under communist Soviet rule. Also symbolized the way in which the Soviet Union blocked its territories from open contact with the West.
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
A U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances
capitalism (free enterprise)
an economic system in which individuals own and operate the majority of businesses that provide goods and services
Also known as command economy , a system in which the government owns businesses and factories and there is no class system.
1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism. with economic and military aid
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
(1949) North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Warsaw Pact (1955)
Formed by the Soviet Union that included the Soviet Union and seven of its satellites (countries aligned with them) in Eastern Europe. This was also a defensive alliance, promising mutual military cooperation.
Arms Race (Cold War)
America and USSR competed for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons
Berlin Blockade (1948)
Aggressive action taken by the Soviets to drive western powers out of Berlin which was in the Soviet controlled sector of Germany.
Berlin Airlift, 1948
Joint year-long mission of flying food and supplies to blockaded West Berliners by the US and Britain after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
Korean War (1950-1953)
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Viet Nam War 1955-1975
a war the U.S. entered to stop the spread of communism, but withdrew in 1973 before the war was over
Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
The fear of communism, known as the Red Scare, led to a national witch hunt for suspected communist supporters, which was known as McCarthyism.
Glasnost and Perestroika
Glasnost is a policy that was introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev which means openness in 1985. He supported the Soviet citizens to talk about ways to improved their living environment. In 1985, he imported the idea of Perestroika, which means economic restructuring. This was tried in 1986.
the competition between nations regarding achievements in the field of space exploration.
A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. Its demolition in 1989 symbolized the end of the Cold War. This wall was both a deterrent to individuals trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world.
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