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30 terms

SS Cold War

SS Cold War
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baby boom
the rapid population increase that took place bewteen 1945 and 1964
United Nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
Iron Curtain
Term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the division between Communist and non-Communist life
Truman Doctrine
US plan to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey.....it also pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
NATO
an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country......inclyded the US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Marshall Plan
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
Berlin
capital of Germany located in eastern Germany
Berlin Airlift
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
Mao Zedong
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Chiang Kai-Shek
Nationalist leader of China
Israel
This country was formed in 1947 by the United Nations to give Jews a homeland.
Douglas MacArthur
he was fired after he criticized Truman for not using nuclear weapons against North Korean
Korean War
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
38th Parallel
Line that divided Korea - Soviet Union occupied the north and United States occupied the south, during the Cold War.
SEATO
Alliance formed to oppose Communism in Southeast Asia
Eisenhower Doctrine
It pledged US military and economic aid to Middle Eastern nations threatened by Communist aggression
Sputnik I
a satellite launched into orbit by the Soviets in 1957. It started the space race.
NASA
Formed to create satellites and missiles to compete with the USSR after Sputnik.
Red Scare
period in US when there was a suspicion of communism and fear of widespread infultration of communists in the US govt.
HUAC
a congressional Committee that investigated Commmunist influence inside and outside the US gov. after WWII
Joseph McCarthy
US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US Senate
Julius & Ethel Rosenberg
Sentenced to death because they passed atomic bomb secrets to the Soviets.
GI Bill
Provided for college or vocational training for returning WWII veterens as well as one year of unemployment compensation. Also provided for loans for returning veterens to buy homes and start businesses.
Interstate Highway System
Endorsed by President Eisenhower. Spent $80 billion for construction of 40,000 miles of highway to improve national defense
Benjamin Spock
wrote "The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care"
suburbs
smaller communities surrounding a larger city
Military-Industrial Complex
Eisenhower's term for the close ties between the defense industry and the Pentagon that might influence government policy.
M.A.D.
a policy created during the 1950s by the Soviets and the US that if the Soviets (or US) launched missiles at the US and we knew then we would fire everything we had and then the Soviets would do the same resulting in the destruction of both countries.