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Terms in this set (65)
Which of the following is credited with pioneering the psychoanalytic approach to psychology?
Free association is a method most closely associated with which of the following approaches to psychology?
Humanism differs from behaviorism and psychoanalysis in that it
does not view humans being controlled by external and unconscious events
Which of the following psychologists is associated with Gestalt psychology?
The concept of conditioning is most closely associated with which approach to psychology?
Because of his interest in the basic elements of human experience, Wilhelm Wundt is considered a
Which of the following psychologists would be considered a behaviorist?
Which processes are normal physical activities?
Which approach to psychology concerns itself with methods to reduce discrimination against immigrants?
Because he studied how people and animals adapt to their environment, William James is considered a(n)
The most commonly used measure of central tendency is the
Which of the following is most likely to have a negative correlation?
use of sunscreen and sunburn
The range of a(n) BLANK must be between +1 and -1.
there will most likely a(n) BLANK correlation between the hours spent playing a video game and the scores earned on that game.
What question does inferential statistics attempt to answer?
how likely of finding something due to luck or chance
the placebo effect occurs when
an improvement in symptoms when no drug was administered
In a study, what is a relatively small group out of the total population called?
Failing at something because one has no confidence one can succeed is an example of
At what point in an experiment does a researcher use inferential statistics?
Why are questionnaires a popular way of conducting research?
fast and easy
If a person suffered a head injury and could no longer hear, which part of his brain was probably damaged?
During a CT scan, what happens?
takes x-rays of your belly
Most researchers today believe that human behavior is determined by
a combination of nature and nurture
The gap between neurons is called the
This type of neuron relays messages from the sense organs to the brain.
Which gland controls how quickly the body uses energy and makes proteins?
the thyroid gland
To send rapid and specific messages, the body uses the
Which part of the neuron receives messages from other neurons?
A stroke that damages the left hemisphere of the brain would most likely impair a person's
If a class of 20 students is equally divided between boys and girls, in how many students would you find Y chromosomes?
Transcendental meditation is associated with
A woman is admitted to the hospital because she is convinced she saw her boyfriend turn into a cat. Her physician is likely to report that
Sleep stages I through IV are sometimes referred to as
During which level of sleep do brain waves closely resemble those of a person who is fully awake?
Which of the following occurs during REM sleep?
rapid eye movement, irregular heart rate, temporary paralyzed
Jane woke up screaming, in a cold sweat. Her heart was pounding, and it took her a few seconds to realize where she was. She just experienced
John is training himself to clear his mind by repeating a Sanskrit mantra. John is practicing
A person who has been hypnotized is highly suggestible, which means that the person
they believe they can be hypnotized
Which stage of sleep is associated with limb paralysis and finger twitching?
Some researchers believe we sleep in order to
turn short term memories into long term memories, recover from fatigue, reduce stress
Being able to see a candle flame 30 miles away on a clear night is the
If we did not have cones in our eyes, we would not see
Which of the following is a Gestalt principle that people use in organizing patterns?
law of continuity
Damage to the cochlea could result in
A woman without sensory adaptation would
wouldn't notice her wedding ring on
Perceiving an object despite gaps in what our senses pick up is possible because of
the other eye covers your blind spots
The smallest increase or decrease in the intensity of a stimulus that a person can detect half the time is called the
Problems with the vestibular system would likely cause a person to
A sensation may be combined with other sensations and past experiences to yield a
Which of the following is the correct order for the pathway of sound?
outer, middle, inner ear
Which of the following is an example of a dissociative fugue?
loss of memory
Post-traumatic stress disorder may be a result of
Which of the following is a core feature that characterizes personality disorders?
how they perceive normal
Which of the following is a symptom of schizophrenia?
hallucinations and delusions
Which disorder was previously known as multiple personality disorder?
dissociative identity disorder
Somatoform disorders are characterized by
things that happen with no medical explanation
Memory loss that has no biological explanation is known
Sampson's mood typically alternates between elation and depression. He likely suffers from
jennifer feels very anxious and cannot stop thinking about the cake she burned two weeks ago. She likely suffers from
Jackson is in good health, but he has become convinced that his headache is a sign that he has brain cancer. Jackson is most likely suffering from
What does drug therapy treat?
If your therapist plans to help you fulfill your potential as a human, your therapist is most likely what type of therapist?
At her therapy session, Jamie relaxes on a couch as she relates long-forgotten experiences to the therapist. Jamie is most likely undergoing what type of therapy?
Systematic desensitization is a counter-conditioning technique used to do what?
If your therapist sets up a role playing exercise to show you how your beliefs are affecting your relationships, your therapist is employing what type of therapy?
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