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Rationales for Imperialism
Terms in this set (19)
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
What 3 things caused the new wave of imperialism?
culture, nationalism, and economics
Why did Britain especially want to colonize?
after they lost their American colonies they needed more for raw materials
British scientist who created the theory of evolution known as Darwinism
idea from Charles Darwin that stated the strong eat the weak and only the fittest survive; was NOT a Social Darwinist himself
Europeans applied the rational of Darwinism to social and political realities to justify imperialism
people who studied skull sizes and shapes
how did phrenologists apply their studies to rationalize imperialism and racism?
they believed that a smaller skull size proved the mental feebleness of Africans, indigenous Americans, and Asians.
what religious reasons did Europeans want to imperialize?
European Christians wanted to convert people from foreign nations; they established secular schools and built hospitals
missionary from Scotland who worked in Sub-Saharan Africa to end the illegal slave trade
a group of people who have a strong common identity and become loyal to a single state
how did nationalism promote imperialism?
colonizing places showed off the nations strength
(1894-1895); China vs Japan war that started because Japan was butting in on Korea's economy and politics in the late 1800s; Japan seized control of Korea and Formosa as a result
how did Japan defeat China in the Sino-Japanese War?
Japan modernized their military during the Meiji Restoration so they were much stronger
Taiwan's named from the time of Portuguese colonization until end of World War II; seized by Japan after Sino-Japanese War
what was the main economic reason for imperialism?
they needed raw materials and new places to sell goods to
how did the British, Dutch, and French governments conquer territory in Africa and India?
they made agreements with local rulers which gave them the rights to establish trading posts AND defend them; they established armies to defend their trading posts and ended up conquering territory in those places
British East India Company
British joint-stock company that monopolized trade in India
Dutch East India Company
Dutch joint-stock company that monopolized trade between the Cope of Good Hope (southern Africa) and the Straits of Magellan (southern South America)
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