Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Module 1 Reading Guide
Terms in this set (46)
What nurse had an impact during the Crimean War? How?
Florence Nightingale - Set up sanitation practices like hand washing, significantly decreased mortality rate (42% to 2% in 6 months)
During the American Civil War, what two people helped slaves flee to the North on the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth
During the American Civil War, who volunteered and gave care to injured soldiers?
Walt Whitman and Louisa May Alcott
During the American Civil War, who was the unions superintendent of female responsible for recruiting nurses and supervising the nursing care of all women working in the army hospitals?
What types of advancement occurred in healthcare from WWI?
anesthetic agents, infection control, blood typing, and prosthetics
What significant impacts did WWII have on healthcare?
-casualties created an acute shortage of caregivers
-Cadet Nurse Corps was established
-Auxiliary healthcare workers became prominent
How many women stationed in Vietnam during the war were nurses?
How many nurses were deployed to Afghanistan, Iraq or both?
Who is Florence Nightingale?
1820-1910 - Founder of modern nursing, 1st scientist theorist, 1st nurse to exert political pressure, Nightingale women's Training School for Nurses
Who is Clara Barton?
1821-1921. Founder of the American Red Cross, Treaty of Geneva, teacher/nurse during the Civil War
Who is Linda Richards?
1841-1930. First trained nurse in America, introduced nurses notes and doctor's orders
Who is Mary Mahoney?
1845-1926. First African American professional nurse.
Who is Lillian Wald?
Founder of public health nursing. Offered and provided nursing services and training in NY
Who is Lavinia Dock?
1858-1956. Feminist, prolific writer, political activist. Founded the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses of the US.
Who is Margaret Sanger?
1879-1966. Birth control activist, sex ed, nurse, feminist. Founder of Planned Parenthood
Who is Mary Breckenridge?
1881-1965. Pioneer in nurse-midwifery. Established Frontier Nursing Services
medical treatment in rural areas
Who is Luther Christman?
1915-2011. Founder of AAMN, denied acceptance to baccalaureate program because of gender. First man nominated for president of ANA. First man elected to AAN.
Who is Ernest Grant?
First male and African American president of American Nurses Association in January of 2019.
Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)
An advanced practice nurse who provides direct care to clients and participates in health education and research.
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Nurse with Advance degree, certified for a special area or age of patient care, works in a variety of healthcare settings or independent practices to make health assessments and deliver primary care
Nurse Midwife (CNM)
A RN who received specialized training in the management of labor and birth
aids in the delivery of anesthesia during surgery
-Employed in nursing programs, education institutions, and in hospital staff education.
-Responsible for classroom and often clinical teaching
Why do nurses need continued education?
-CE is the responsibility of all practicing nurses. -Nurses must be constantly updating and growing to keep up with scientific and technological advances as well as changes in healthcare and the nursing profession.
What kinds of topics are covered in continued education?
-Inform nurses of new techniques and knowledge
-Help nurses attain expertise in a specialized area of practice
-Provide nurses with information essential to nursing practice
ANA definition of nursing - current
"Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, preventions of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations"
What is the focus of nursing?
promoting health and wellness, preventing illness, restoring health, caring for the dying
What is considered a profession? Is nursing a profession?
-an occupation that requires extensive education or a calling that requires special knowledge, skill, and preparation.
-requires prolonged specialized training
-nursing is gaining recognition as a profession
What does the ANA code of ethics entail? Purposes?
- inform the public about minimum standards and help them to understand
-provide a sign of the professional commitment to the public
-outline major ethical considerations
-provide ethical standards for prof. behavior
-guide profession in self regulation
What is a theory?
a system of ideas that is presumed to explain a given phenomenon.
What is a metaparadigm?
Four concepts that can be superimposed on almost any work in nursing
How are nursing theories used?
Nursing theory guides knowledge development and directs education, research, and practice, although each influences the others.
What are the 4 metaparadigms?
person, environment, health, nursing
National League for Nursing - can have non nurses
American Nurses Association -scope of practice
Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education
-giving nursing schools accreditation for baccalaureate
International Council of Nurses
State board of nursing
National Council of State Boards of Nursing - Develops NCLEX
Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing - provides accreditation for schools
Brenner's Stages; Novice
no experience, performance limited, inflexible,
Brenner's Stages; Advanced beginner
-demonstrates marginally acceptable performance
-recognizes meaningful aspects of a real situation
-has experienced enough real situations to make judgements about them
Brenner's Stages; Competent
-Has 2-3 years of experience
-Demonstrates organizational and planning abilities
-Differentiates important factors from less important aspects of care
Brenner's Stages; Proficient
-Has 3-5 years of experience
-Perceives situations as wholes rather than in terms of parts
-Uses maxims as guides for what to consider in a situation
-Has holistic understanding of the client (improves decision making)
-Focuses on long term goals
Brenner's Stages; Expert
-Performance is fluid, flexible, and highly proficient
Do nursing students have their own code of conduct?
yes, NSNA Code of Academic and Clinical Conduct
Sets found in the same folder
Test Your Knowledge Book Questions - EXAM 1
Module 2 Reading Guide
Fundamentals: Exam 3 (Mod 7-9)
Other sets by this creator
Davis Advantage CH 20, 21
Basic: Drug Class-Suffixes-Role