25 terms


The concept used to describe opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context is called ____________.
sociological imagination
The notion t hat only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as ______________.
social darwinism
Weber referred to the self-denying approach to life characterized by people living frugal lives and saving their money as the ___________.
protestant ethic
The titles Karl Marx used to describe the two classes in society were the _________and _________.
bourgeoisie and proletariat
Sociologists who analyze how behavior depends on the ways that people define themselves are most likely _____________.
symbolic interactionists
mark views society as a system of interrelated parts, while John views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources. Mark would be considered a _______ theorist and John would be seen a s a ________ theorist.
function, conflict
Which group of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?
functionalists and conflict theorists
Which sociological perspectives are best to use in developing an accurate understanding of society?
a combination of all three
The research method that involves a collection of data by having people answer a series of questions is ________.
Using police records, crime reports, and economic reports, Max will test his hypothesis that unemployed men are more likely to commit spousal abuse than men who are employed. He will most likely use a form of _________ analysis to test his hypothesis.
In research, to generalize one's findings to a total population, what is the most important quality the sample must possess?
Matthew is completing his master's thesis which addresses the culture of outlaw motorcycle gangs. For the past six months he has been riding with such a gang, observing and describing their behavior in an attempt to present a view of these gangs from the gang members' perspective. Matthew is employing which research method?
Why did a number of sociologists think Laud Humphreys' research on tearooms was unethical?
deliberate misrepresentation
Language, beliefs, values, norms, behavior, material objects and technology passed from one generation to thenext by members of society describe _________.
Sociologists use the concept "norms" to describe ______________.
patterns and behavioral expectations
When a group has a distinctive way of looking at life, but at the same time their values and norms reflect the dominant culture of their society, the grou would be considered a[n] __________.
In the "nature vs Nurture" argument regarding socialization, the "nurture" component refers to the _________.
social environment
Based on studies of isolated ad institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?
intimate early social interaction
What concept do sociologists have in mind when they say "society makes us human."
Our image of who we are called is the ____.
What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes, and expectations of the public?
generalized other
Mead describes the active, creative, and spontaneous part of the self as the ___.
According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening, looking, and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the _________ stage.
How does the mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?
reinforces gender roles considered appropriate
What term applies to the stages people pass through from birth to death, beginning with "childhood" and concluding with "the older years?"
life course