KINE 307 CH 13
Terms in this set (56)
A set of events and processes by which individuals acquire the beliefs and behaviors of the particular society or subgroup in which they live in and in most cases are born into
A subset of society, the collection of specific attitudes, behaviors, and products that characterize an identifiable group of people
An individuals position in society
Job description, the particular behavior that an individual uses to fulfill a position of status
Concepts and ideas conveyed through language or written things
allows fo rthe individual to benefit from experience
learning from observing others who serve as models
Peers, school, neighborhood playground, church, camping. The closes to the child
How the microsystem interacts together.
Extended family. Neighbors, etc.
Society you live in
looks at microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem over time
Short version of Bronfenbrenner's Biological System's Model
Process-Person-Context-Time Ecological Model PPCT
Fused and dynamic relation of the person and context
Biological, cognitive, and emotional characteristic
Where is it taking place
Multiple dimensions of temporality
Who delivers the process? An individual, group, or institution that interprets the culture to the individual
4 Stages of play
Solitary, Parallel, Associative, and Cooperative
Solitary Independent Play
(2-3 year olds)--Child plays alone with toys that are different than the toys used by children near by. No effort to play with other children.
Wanting to be close to the other kids, but still dont wanna play with them.
(3-5 years old)--Child plays with other children. They play similarly and there is no division of labor or organization.
Cooperative or Organized Play
(starting at 5 yrs old)--Child plays with a group that is organized for a goal, such as making something or playing a formal game.
Social expectations of how individuals should act and think as male and female
The use of different methods to introduce boys and girls to physical activities and sports
Gedner-Role Expectations and Stereotyping
Primary influences during Adulthood
Media, peers, spouse, community
The concepts often used to describe the structure of socialization are norm, class, role, and
The three principal modes of socialization are direct instruction, shaping, and
The major socializing agents are community, school, peer group, church and
In Bronfenbrenner's model, the individual is placed at a theoretical center surrounded by five environmental systems: microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, chronosystem, and
The best predictor of participation in sports by adults is
childhood and adolescent involvement
Parten's play model includes the following categories of play: solitary, cooperative, associative, and
Participation in organized sports can best be described as what type of play?
Which of these factors probably is least important as a socializing factor during adulthood?
A widely-supported social view of aging is known as
Using Bandura's social cognitive theory to study exercise motivation in older adults yields three mechanisms as important mediators influencing exercise motivation: outcome expectations, self-evaluated dissatisfaction, and
Children become different due to their biological uniqueness, experience, and __________ influences.
The collection of attitudes, behaviors, and products that characterize an identifiable group of people is known as __________.
__________ refers to an individual's position in society.
Direct instruction conveys concepts and ideas through __________.
language or wordsq
An individual, group, or institution that interprets culture to the individual is known as a socializing __________.
__________ is a comprehensive framework for understanding sociocultural influences on socialization.
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological systems model
The most dominant influences associated with the family are parental __________ and attitudes.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, __________ is an essential component in a child's learning.
A common characteristic of the peer group during childhood and adolescence is that its members are usually of the same __________.
The use of different methods to introduce boys and girls to physical activity and sports is known as gender-role __________.
Individuals acquire the beliefs and behaviors of the particular society and subgroup in which they live. The events and processes by which this occurs are termed socialization.
Social class is also known as socioeconomic status.
In Bronfenbrenner's model the most direct interactions are with the exosystem.
The socializing agent most directly responsible for communicating cultural content to the young child is family.
Research indicates that the same-gender parent or the father has the most influence on the extent of the child's involvement in sports.
During the progression from childhood through adolescence the influence of the family as a socializing agent becomes more powerful while the influence of peers declines.
It appears that, compared to play 50 years ago, today's children engage in more associative and cooperative play.
Research appears to indicate that, in general, coaches and teachers influence males more than females with regard to involvement in sport and physical activity, although this trend may be weakening with the greater participation of females in sport.
Mothers are more likely to act differently towards opposite-gender children than are fathers.
As participation levels of females in sport have increased, the motor performance differences between the genders have decreased.
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