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APSY220- Chapter 3
Terms in this set (48)
Which sleep stage is characterized primarily by dreaming and rapid brain waves?
What is a synapse?
the intersection between two neurons
The pattern of development that means "center-out" is the _____ direction.
In general, the prevalence of co-sleeping is _____ related to the parents' SES.
The chemical messengers that carry information from one neuron to another are called _____.
Interpretation is to _____ as detection is to _____.
Baby Olivia is 2 months old and sleeps 20 hours per day. About _____ in 20 infants sleep more than 19 hours each day.
Evidence that biological growth is the foundation for cognitive and social maturity comes from the fact that although 2-year-olds can barely talk and are totally dependent on adults, they have already reached half of their adult height and _____ percent of their adult brain size.
Receptors highly sensitive to sweetness are active on Nadine's tongue. Bitterness receptors are also active, but to a lesser extent. Nadine recognizes the taste of cola and considers her resolution to reduce her soda consumption. When Nadine considers her resolution, she is demonstrating:
Linda and Gary, having returned home with their week-old child after a difficult birth, feel that they cannot separate from their baby at night. Consequently, they allow the baby to share their bed. This practice is called:
Hair cells in Lance's basilar membrane detect a series of high-pitched tones. Lance recognizes the ring tone assigned to calls from his mother. Lance remembers he had neglected to call his mother the night before as he had promised. Lance's recognition of the ring tone illustrates _____. When he remembers the promise, Lance is demonstrating _____.
perception ; cognition
Roberta has just advanced from touching the rattle that hangs above her to grabbing and holding it. She is probably about _____ months old.
Receptors highly sensitive to sweetness are active on Paul's tongue. Bitterness receptors are also active, but to a lesser extent. Paul recognizes the taste of cola and considers his resolution to reduce his soda consumption. The action of Paul's taste receptors illustrates _____. When he considers his resolution, Paul is demonstrating _____.
Tamika and Tyree are trying to decide whether they should let the infant they are expecting in two months sleep in their bed. All of the following are possible benefits of bed-sharing EXCEPT:
reduced chances of sudden infant death.
The last part of the brain to mature is involved in:
Jeremy is trying to save money for college. He saves half of the money he earns from his part time job. He has set a goal to save enough money to pay for his dorm fees for his first year. These behaviors demonstrate that Jeremy's _____ cortex has matured.
Anna's photoreceptors detect light and dark stimuli. Cortical processing then allows her to recognize the words in her psychology textbook. As she reads, Anna relates the information to her own experiences. The action of Anna's photoreceptors illustrates:
The term used to describe the way infants think by using reflexes, senses, and body movements is _____ intelligence.
The most advanced 10 percent of 2-year-olds speak more than _____ words, while the least advanced 10 percent speak fewer than _____ words.
Which disease has been eliminated worldwide?
Jean Piaget's first two stages of sensorimotor intelligence involve:
primary circular reactions.
What is the proposed explanation for some babies initially learning verbs and nouns at different rates?
Some languages place verbs in various places within sentences and their forms change in illogical ways, making them difficult to learn.
In 1950, 1 young child in _____ died.
Jolanda holds a bottle to her 3-month-old infant's mouth and the baby reaches out to grab the bottle. Jolanda's baby appears to be in stage _____ of sensorimotor intelligence.
Professor Sanchez believes that children acquire language through reinforcement from adults, especially their parents. He believes that child-directed speech is a type of reinforcement. Professor Sanchez is advocating the _____ theory of language development.
Nine-year-old Naledi, who is severely underweight for her age, often eats only a bowl of rice a day. She is suffering from a form of malnutrition called:
Angela spends her waking hours sucking on her hand, looking around the room, and trying to grasp at her clothing. It is likely that Angela is in stage _____ of sensorimotor development.
Meena cannot be vaccinated because of her allergies, but she is protected to some degree from catching childhood diseases because of _____ immunity, which means that at least 90 percent of people in her local community have been immunized.
Juan is 15 months old and calls his teddy bear his bibi. This is an example of a:
Batoor was born in war-torn Afghanistan. Malnutrition caused him to waste away soon after his birth; he passed away at the age of 4 months. Batoor suffered from:
At 18 months, Jada uses the word diddy to mean "I want a piece of candy." This is an example of a:
Seven-month-old Francesca is attempting to interact with her smiling mother. She is demonstrating an ability that typically first occurs in stage _____ of sensorimotor development.
Research has demonstrated that infants as young as _____ month(s) can remember after two weeks if provided with a brief reminder session.
Sharon is just learning to speak. She says words like da-da, kitty, and ma-ma. This is not unusual because, whatever the language, when children begin to speak, they tend to use mostly:
Abby has begun to suck only her thumb, rather than her whole hand. It is likely that Abby is in stage _____ of sensorimotor development.
Elise is 5 days old. She will MOST likely prefer hearing:
her mother's language over an unknown language.
The area of the brain where thinking, feeling, and sensing are involved is the:
Most babies can sit without support by which month?
The term used to describe an infant's thought process that relies on senses and motor skills is:
Susan Beal's hypothesis about _____ led to a campaign that lowered the SIDS death rate significantly in several countries
babies sleeping on their backs
Which substance is secreted from a woman's breasts for the first three days following birth?
Before the age of 2, children who observe an object moved from one place to another will often search the first place and not the second place for the object. This is referred to as:
the A-not-B error.
When infant motor skills are compared around the world, the earliest independent walkers are seen in:
Isaiah is 7 months old. His sister takes a toy and hides it behind her back. Isaiah cries and does not look for the toy. It is likely that he has not yet acquired:
What is an infant's first means of communication?
The importance of using gestures when speaking to babies is that:
gestures allow babies to communicate earlier.
What happens when a child is able to speak about 50 words?
Language acquisition increases dramatically.
As of 2015 approximately how many hospitals in the United States were designated by UNICEF as "Baby Friendly"?
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